Cork history, Waterford history

Perry family, landlords of Kilwatermoy

Perry family, landlords of Kilwatermoy

Niall C.E.J. O’Brien

 

In the nineteenth century the Perry family were the landlords of about 1,000 acres at Kilwatermoy in west Co. Waterford, including the village of Kilwatermoy. It is not known when the family first acquired an interest in Kilwatermoy. What follows therefore is a life story of the family from the earliest times to the turn of the twentieth century when like so many other landlords, they sold their estates to the occupying tenants and the end of an era occurred.

John Perry

The earliest ancestor of the family was John Perry of Woodrooff, Co. Tipperary who had two sons by his wife Anne, second daughter of John Neville of Newrath, Co. Wicklow.

Samuel Perry

The younger son of John Perry was Samuel Perry, who in turn had two sons and two daughters by his wife Phoebe, daughter of William Norcott. The eldest son, William Perry, inherited Woodrooff and was the ancestor of the Perry family of that place.

Richard Perry

The younger son of Samuel Perry, Richard Perry, moved to Cork City where he established a merchant business. Richard Perry got married three times. His first wife was Ellen, daughter of Alderman Lavitt who gave his name to Lavitt’s Quay in the city, in 1763. They had a son, Samuel who got married and had children.[1] We will return to Samuel Perry later.

Richard Perry secondly got married on 7th March 1769 to Mary, daughter of Adam Newman of Dromore. They had four sons and one daughter.[2] The eldest son, Adam Perry got married in 1804 to Mary Anne Sarsfield. They had at least two sons. The elder, Richard Newman Perry, was born in late 1805 or early in 1806 and entered Trinity College, Dublin in 1824.[3]

The younger son, Adam Newman Perry got married on 17th September 1848 at St. Nicholas church, Cork to Catherine, third daughter of John Drew of Rockfield, Co. Kerry by his wife, Helen, eldest daughter of John Elmore of Hollyhill, Cork.[4] Adam Newman Perry had an address in Cork City and at South Tourine, Co. Waterford in 1848.[5]

Samuel Perry

Returning to Samuel Perry of Cork we find that he was born in 1764. Samuel Perry took his first schooling under Rev. Reid before he entered Trinity College, Dublin in November 1780 as a pensioner. At that time, his father, Richard Perry, was described as an esquire rather than a merchant. Samuel Perry graduated with a B.A. in 1784.[6]

On 23 April 1790 Samuel Richard Perry, eldest son of Richard Perry, was admitted to the freedom at large of Cork City with about thirty other people.[7]

Richard Lavitt Perry

At some time later Samuel Perry got married Elizabeth Clewlow and had a son Richard Lavitt Perry. In 1819 Richard Lavitt Perry married Jane Deane.[8] It appears that Richard Lavitt Perry held an army career as he was listed as a soldier in 1843.[9]

Richard Lavitt Perry was a member of the 44th Regiment of Foot. On 20th December 1810 he was a cornet in the Regiment and on 3rd September 1812 Richard was made a Lieutenant. With the end of the Napoleonic Wars there were less soldiers need and so on 25th March 1817 Richard Lavitt Perry was put on half pay.[10]

Robert Deane Perry

One of the children of Richard Lavitt Perry and Jane Deane was Robert Deane Perry who was born about 1828 in Cork. Robert first began school under Dr. O’Brien which school was possibly in the Cork area. On 13th October 1843 he entered Trinity College, Dublin as a pensioner which usually equates to a middle class background. In the spring of 1848 Robert Perry got a B.A.[11]

Thomas Deane Perry

Another son of Richard Lavitt Perry and Jane Deane was Thomas Deane Perry. On 6th May 1842 Thomas Perry became an ensign in the 81st Regiment of Foot and on 30th July 1844 was made a Lieutenant. In 1846 the Regiment was serving in Canada.[12]

 

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View east from Kilwatermoy medieval church across the Perry estate

The 1851 estate of Robert Deane Perry

In 1851 the estate of Robert Deane Perry at Kilwatermoy was recorded in Griffith’s Valuation for the purposes of setting a Poor Law rate to support the local Lismore Poor Law Union. Thus we find that Robert Perry held Ballymoat Upper (165acres 2roots 21perches), Churchquarter (128ac 2r 4p), Close (115ac 3r 8p), Kilwatermoy (202ac 3r 20p), Kilwatermoy Mountain (206ac 3r 24p), Lyrenacarriga (275ac 2r 6p), and Shanapollagh (62ac 2r 30p).[13]

Also holding land in Kilwatermoy in 1851 was Richard Lavitt Perry (Robert’s father) at Ballymoat Lower (169ac 0r 22p) and Mrs. Robert Perry at Ballymoat Lower (15ac 1r 16p).[14]

For more on other landlords surrounding the Perry estate in 1851 see = https://niallbrn.wordpress.com/2013/09/01/kilwatermoy-landlords-in-1851/

Death of Richard Lavitt Perry

In 1875 Captain Richard Lavitt Perry was living at 3 Belgrave Place, Cork.[15] Richard Lavitt Perry died on 17th December 1878 at his home at Belgrave Place, Cork. His will was proved at Cork on 13th February 1879 by the oath of Robert Deane Perry of Clyda House. Richard Perry left effects to the value of under £1,000.[16] Clyda house and townland just 2.5km south west of Mallow was the home of Robert Deane Perry since 1861 as a tenant of the Webb family of Quarterstown house.[17]

Robert Deane Perry after 1879

On 11th September 1889 Robert Deane Perry of Clyda House and Rupert Deering attended court in Cork as executors to the will of Anne Perry, spinster, of Albert Place, Cork. Anne Perry died on 17th March 1889. The proving of her will noted the value of her effects at £2,235 10s 10d.[18]

A few months later, on 23rd August, Robert’s cousin, Richard John Perry of Rocklodge, Monkstown, County Cork, died.[19] Robert Deane Perry was a colonel in the North Cork Militia.[20]

Death of Robert Deane Perry

Robert Deane Perry died on 22nd May 1897 in County Cork leaving Eliza Matilda Perry as a widow and that his effects were valued at £2,600 9s 2d. The probate of his will was granted at Cork on 11th November 1897.[21] Eliza Matilda Perry was born in Somersetshire about 1840.[22] It is not known when Robert Deane Perry married Eliza Matilda but by 1858 they had a daughter named Helena Perry while living in Cork. Around 1872 they had another daughter who they named Eliza and she was born at Mallow.[23] A third daughter Jane married Charles William Bagge of Summerville house.[24]

Within two years Robert’s only son, Robert Deane Perry, junior, had died on 14th March 1899. The administration of his will was granted to his mother on 29th June. The effects of Robert junior were valued at £1,561 1s 9d.[25]

The Perry house in 1901 census

In the 1901 census Eliza Matilda Perry was living at Clyda House with her two unmarried daughters, Helena and Eliza. They had two servants, Hannah and Ellen Mansfield. Of all the household only Ellen Mansfield could speak Irish and English. The fact that she was born in County Waterford, a good Irish speaking area at the end of the nineteenth century, possibly aided her ability. Eliza Matilda Perry said her occupation was living off dividends. The two daughters gave their occupation as “land and houses”.[26]

The census returns record that there were fourteen rooms in Clyda House that were used by the family. Around the house there were sixteen outbuildings. These included 3 stables, a coach house and a harness room. There was also a cow house, calf house, dairy house and 4 piggeries with 1 foul house. There were a further 3 sheds to service the house and farm.[27]

At the 1901 census Eliza Matilda Perry was not just owner of Clyda House but also had three other houses in the townland. The full townland contained just over 62 acres.[28] One of these houses was occupied by Thomas Mansfield.[29] Thomas Mansfield was born in County Waterford and possibly on the Perry estate at Kilwatermoy. Like his daughter Ellen in the “big house” Thomas could speak Irish and English. Thomas Mansfield was 48 years old and worked as the head gardener at Clyda House. His wife, Anne (born in County Cork), was the cook while their eldest son Maurice was the groom. The couple had another son James and two daughters, Elli and Lizzie.[30]

The third house at Clyda was occupied by County Cork born John Condon who was the coachman. John Condon was only 25 years old like his wife Ellen. They had a baby daughter called Eliza Mary.[31] Outside the house the Condons had a piggery and a foul house.[32]

The fourth house on the estate was occupied by 45 year old Thomas Flanagan who worked as an agricultural labourer. With that job he had to support his 29 year old wife, Mary, along with their son and three daughters. Their eldest child was just 7 years old. Like the Condons, the Flanagans had a baby daughter which gave each other mutual support.[33]

Perry family after 1901

In 1906 Eliza Perry would need support for her own comfort as two of her cousins died within two months of each other. Richard T. Perry of Albert Place, Cork died on 12th June with administration granted to James Perry, gent, of the same place. But, on 20th August 1906, James Perry died. With no immediate heirs his estate was entrusted to Graham Gould, solicitor.[34]

Perry in 1911 census

By 1911 Montague Mandeville, county engineer for the Great Southern and Western Railway was living in Clyda House.[35] By the time of the 1911 census it is not known where the Perry family were living. Helena and Eliza, two of the daughters of Robert Deane Perry, were recorded as visitors of the house of James Sugrue at Sidney Place in Cork city. They were both unmarried.[36]

By 1911 it would appear that most of the Perry estate in Kilwatermoy and the adjoining townlands had been sold to the occupying tenants under the various Land Acts.

 

Bibliography

Baxter, C., Drew family tree (published online, 2004)

Burke’s Irish Landed Gentry, 1899

Burke’s Irish Family Records, 1976

Burtchaell, G.D. & Sadleir, T.U. (ed.), Alumni Dublinenses (3 vols. Thoemmes Press, Bristol, 2001)

Casey, A.E. & Dowling, T. (eds.), O’Kief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter and Upper Blackwater (15 vols. Wisconsin, 1964)

Guy’s Cork Almanac 1875-6

Hajba, A.M., Houses of Cork, Vol. 1 – North (Whitegate, 2002)

Hart, H.G., Annual Army List, Militia List and Indian Civil Servant List, 1846 (London, 1846)

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[1] Burke’s Irish Family Records, 1976 (reprinted 2007), p. 948; Casey, A.E. & Dowling, T. (eds.), O’Kief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter and Upper Blackwater (15 vols. Wisconsin, 1964), Vol. 4, p. 257

[2] Burke’s Irish Family Records, 1976 (reprinted 2007), p. 948

[3] Burtchaell, G.D. & Sadleir, T.U. (ed.), Alumni Dublinenses (3 vols. Thoemmes Press, Bristol, 2001), Vol. 2, p. 664

[4] Burke’s Irish Landed Gentry, 1899, p. 123

[5] Baxter, C., Drew family tree (published online, 2004), p. 7

[6] Burtchaell & Sadleir (ed.), Alumni Dublinenses, Vol. 2, p. 664

[7] Casey & Dowling (eds.), O’Kief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter and Upper Blackwater, Vol. 7, p. 2122

[8] Casey & Dowling (eds.), O’Kief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter and Upper Blackwater, Vol. 4, p. 257

[9] Burtchaell & Sadleir (ed.), Alumni Dublinenses, Vol. 2, p. 664

[10] Hart, Annual Army List, Militia List and Indian Civil Servant List, 1846 (London, 1846), p. 380

[11] Burtchaell & Sadleir (ed.), Alumni Dublinenses, Vol. 2, p. 664

[12] Hart, Annual Army List, 1846, p. 233

[13] Griffith’s Valuation, Kilwatermoy parish, Coshmore and Coshbride barony, Co. Waterford

[14] Griffith’s Valuation, Kilwatermoy parish, Coshmore and Coshbride barony, Co. Waterford

[15] Guy’s Cork Almanac 1875-6, p, 721

[16] http://www.willcalendars.nationalarchives.ie/reels/cwa/005014894/005014894_00718.pdf accessed on 25 August 2013

[17] Hajba, A.M., Houses of Cork, Vol. 1 – North (Whitegate, 2002), p. 123

[18] http://www.willcalendars.nationalarchives.ie/reels/cwa/005014903/005014903_00312.pdf accessed on 25 August 2013

[19] http://www.willcalendars.nationalarchives.ie/reels/cwa/005014903/005014903_00312.pdf accessed on 25 August 2013

[20] http://www.willcalendars.nationalarchives.ie/reels/cwa/005014910/005014910_00206.pdf accessed on 25 August 2013

[21] http://www.willcalendars.nationalarchives.ie/search/cwa/details.jsp?id=1639337193 accessed on 25 August 2013

[22] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000550874/ accessed on 23rd August 2013

[23] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000550874/ accessed on 23rd August 2013

[24] Hajba, A.M., Houses of Cork, Vol. 1 – North, p. 123

[25] http://www.willcalendars.nationalarchives.ie/reels/cwa/005014911/005014911_00215.pdf accessed on 25 August 2013

[26] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000550874/ accessed on 23rd August 2013

[27] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000550873/ accessed on 23 August 2013

[28] http://maps.osi.ie/publicviewer/#V1,553643,597499,7,7 accessed on 23 August 2013

[29] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000550872/ accessed on 23 August 2013

[30] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000550875/ accessed on 23rd August 2013

[31] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000550876/ accessed on 23rd August 2013

[32] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000550873/ accessed on 23 August 2013

[33] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000550877/ accessed on 23rd August 2013

[34] http://www.willcalendars.nationalarchives.ie/reels/cwa/005014914/005014914_00504.pdf accessed on 25 August 2013

[35] Hajba, A.M., Houses of Cork, Vol. 1 – North, p. 123

[36] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001856949/ accessed on 24th September 2017

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India History, Military History, Waterford history

George Sheaffe Montizambert: From Canada to Lismore and Pakistan

George Sheaffe Montizambert:

From Canada to Lismore and Pakistan

 

Niall C.E.J. O’Brien

 

On 4th July 1846 George Sheaffe Montizambert, a major in the army, married Jane Vaughan Cotton, daughter of Rev. Henry Cotton, dean of Lismore Cathedral.[1] Two years later Major Montizambert was killed in the assault of the city of Multan, in modern-day Pakistan and a memorial was erected in Lismore cathedral to his memory. This article follows the long journey of this British soldier from the heights of Quebec to India, Afghanistan, Ireland and Pakistan.

 

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Montizambert memorial in Lismore Cathedral

Birth and family

George Sheaffe Montizambert was born on 7th December 1812 in Quebec City in Lower Canada.[2] He was the son of Louis Montizambert (born 8th October 1775 at Chambly, Quebec and died 18th August 1834 at Quebec) and Sarah Minot Taylor Montizambert (1777 – 1862).[3] Louis Montizambert was Acting Clerk of His Majesty’s Executive Council.[4]

George Sheaffe Montizambert had two older brothers, Charles Nathaniel Montizambert (1810 – 1885) and Edward Lewis Montizambert (1811 – 1882).[5] Charles Montizambert married Helen Bell and was the father of two daughters and five sons.[6] Edward Montizambert married Lucy Bowen and was the father of one daughter and four sons.[7]

In was interesting times in 1812 for a French Canadian to be born. Canada was then part of the British Empire which in 1812 was fighting a long war against the France of Napoleon Bonaparte. The British were at the same time fighting a war with the new United States of America in what is known as the War of 1812. This war saw a number of battles in Canada.

After growing up in Quebec, George Sheaffe Montizambert moved to Montreal.[8]

Army career in the 1830s

At the age of nineteen George Sheaffe Montizambert left civilian life and joined the British army. On 11th April 1831 George Sheaffe Montizambert joined the 41st (Welsh) Regiment of Foot as an ensign. The 41st Regiment was the only British regiment in Canada at the start of the War of 1812. A good number of members of the Regiment retired to Canada after the War and their stories may have influence young George Montizambert to join that particular regiment.[9] At the start of the 1830s the 41st Regiment was based in India and it was in that country of a thousand languages that George Sheaffe Montizambert spent the most eventful years of his military career. On 11th January 1833 he was promoted to Lieutenant. In 1840 Lt. George Sheaffe Montizambert was serving with the 41st (Welsh) Regiment of Foot, under the command of Colonel Sir Ralph Darling, in the East Indies with nine years of full pay service completed.[10]

Anglo-Afghan War 1839-42

In 1839 the British invaded Afghanistan to prevent Russian expansion into central Asia. The action generated a violent reaction from Afghan tribes and began the First Anglo-Afghan War. The British had early victories and on 7th August 1839 Sir John Keane of Cappoquin led the successful capture of Cabul (in 1840 created Baron Keane of Ghuznee and Cappoquin). The popular leader of Afghanistan (Dost Mohammad) was removed and a rival (Shah Shuja) put in his place. In 1840 and 1841 the country was still unsettled with engagements by both sides. In November 1841 the Afghans launch a series of major attacks on the scattered British positions across the country in support of Dost Mohammad.[11] By January 1842 the situation in Cabul was untenable and a force of 26,000 soldiers, camp-followers, women and children left Cabul for India. Along the way they were incessantly attacked with the end result of a total defeat of a British army in the Khyber Pass and the death of men, women and children.[12] To reclaim military honour and not to be seen to be bettered by native soldiers, in March 1842 the British launched a large scale invasion of Afghanistan. The five companies of the 41st Regiment of Foot was part of this force.

Invasion of Afghanistan 1842

Early in the advance, about the 28th March 1842, Lieutenant George Sheaffe Montizambert saw action the village of Hykulzye beyond the Bolan Pass when the British were suddenly attacked and had to retreat with Captain May of the 41st among the dead. The British halted their retreat at Quettah where on 26th April Brigadier England (Lt. Colonel of the 41st) went on the attack and reached Kandahar by 10th May. But at that stage Lord Ellenborough, the Governor-General, fearful of another slaughter like on the retreat from Cabul, ordered a retreat.[13]

 

khyber-pass1

The Khyber Pass

By early July Lord Ellenborough had changed his mind again and now ordered an advance into Afghanistan under General Nott. At the start of August Brigadier Edwards of the 41st was sent forward with five regiments and twelve cannon to secure the Bolan Pass. Lieutenant Montizambert was with this force. By 30th August the army was at Ghoaine where General Nott gave battle. The confident Afghans were defeated and their leader, Shumshoodeen fled to Ghuznee. On 5th September Lt. Montizambert and General Nott were before Ghuznee. As engineers of the 16th Bengal Infantry reconnoitred the fortress the Afghans attacked but were eventually driven back inside Ghuznee. During nightfall the Afghans fired shot into the British camp. On the morning of 6th September as the British prepared to attack Ghuznee, it was found that during the night the Afghans had left. Lt. Montizambert and others occupied the famous fortress which was destroyed after removing the gate of Somnauth.[14]

On 7th September General Nott left Ghuznee to advance on Cabul which was taken on 15th September 1842. Lt. Montizambert was part of the advance and was involved in the occupation and destruction of that fortress. But the war was not over, as the Afghans regrouped in Kohistan. A force under General McCaskill was sent towards Kohistan with Lt. Montizambert. The fortress of Istaliff was home to the treasure and families of the Afghan forces. On 29th September the British stormed the fortress which was later destroyed.[15] On that same day of 29th September Lt. George Sheaffe Montizambert was made a Captain.[16] The promotion was possibly because of George’s abilities or the death of other officers in the attack – bit of both reasons maybe.

With the taking of Istaliff and Charikur the Afghans surrendered and the war was over apart from a few minor engagements between the Bolan Pass and the Khyber Pass in which Captain George Sheaffe Montizambert was involved.[17] A puppet king was installed in Cabul and the British withdrew back across the Indus River to India.

41st Regiment back in Britain

After the slaughter and killings of the Afghan War the 41st Regiment took leave of India and returned to England in 1843. In 1844 the Regiment was stationed in Canterbury. Yet the battle honours of Kandahar Ghuznee and Cahool were added to the Regimental battle flag.[18] By the start of 1845 the 41st Regiment had returned to Wales and was stationed in Brecon.[19] On 23rd September 1845 he was promoted to the rank of Major in the 41st Regiment of Foot.

41st Regiment in Ireland and marriage

In 1846 the 41st Regiment was stationed in Dublin with Colonel Sir Ralph Darling in command.[20] It was while in Ireland that George Sheaffe Montizambert met Jane Vaughan Cotton, daughter of Rev. Henry Cotton, dean of Lismore Cathedral. On 4th July 1846 George Sheaffe Montizambert got married to Jane Cotton.[21] Rev. Henry Cotton came from Buckinghamshire and was a noted cleric in the Church of Ireland and wrote a number of books on the church and religion. He was sub-librarian at the Bodleian from 1814 to 1822. Rev. Cotton died in 1879 and was buried at Lismore. His book collection now forms the core of the Cotton library in Lismore Cathedral.[22]

 

DSC05869

Lismore cathedral

Change of regiment and return to India

Yet the beauty of Jane Cotton and the River Blackwater about Lismore, so famed by poets and artists had no lasting attraction upon Major Montizambert. Instead the lure of the magic of India drew him back. By the start of 1847 Major George Sheaffe Montizambert left the 41st Regiment and had joined the 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot as it journeyed to India. The 62nd Regiment was under the command of Colonel Sir John Foster Fitzgerald and was based in Bengal.[23]

At the beginning of 1848 Major George Sheaffe Montizambert had changed regiments again and was serving with the 10th (North Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot at Lahore under Colonel Sir Thomas McMahon. By then he had served seventeen years in the army on full pay.[24]

The Multan revolt and the Second Sikh War

By 1848 the city of Multan, in modern-day Pakistan, was part of the Sikh kingdom, for nearly thirty years was governed by a Hindu viceroy, Dewan Moolraj, who operated a very independent administration. The First Sikh War had taken much territory from the Sikh kingdom and led to the imposition of taxes by the British. When Dewan Moolraj was required by the British in Lahore to pay an increased tax assessment and along with revenues that were in arrears, Moolraj offered his son, so as to keep control over Multan. This was rejected and the British imposed a Sikh governor, Sardar Kahan Singh, with a British Political Agent called Lieutenant Patrick Vans Agnew.

On 18th April 1848, Vans Agnew arrived at Multan with another officer, Lieutenant William Anderson, and a small escort. At first Moolraj appeared to be cooperative by handing over the keys of the fortress, but Vans Agnew’s party was set upon by a mob and both officers were wounded, and were rescued by Sardar Kahan Singh. While they were recovering in a mosque outside the city, they were again set upon by a mob on 19th and both were murdered.

Moolraj presented Vans Agnew’s head to Sardar Kahan Singh, and told him to take it back to Lahore. The news of the killings spread over the Punjab, and large numbers of Sikh soldiers deserted the regiments and joined the rebels under of Moolraj.

Lieutenant Herbert Edwards possessed the only British force in the area and responded to the revolt at Multan even though the Commander-in-Chief of the British East India Company, Lord Gough, wanted to wait until the cold season when the ground was dry to transport the artillery and the hot summer weather was gone. In May and June Lt. Edwards achieved victories and defeats before settling in camp some distance from Multan.

 

Multan

Multan – city of the saints

The British attack on Multan and the death of Montizambert

On 24th July Major-General Whish started for Multan with over 8,000 troops, 32 cannon and 12 horse artillery guns. The Major George Sheaffe Montizambert and members of the 10th Regiment of Foot were amongst these troops. On 4th September 1848 General Whish came before Multan and ordered its surrender. But instead he was greeted by a single cannon shot. The siege of Multan began on the 7th September with firing a 1,000 yards. On the night of the 9th a British advance on the trenches before the city met with defeat. For the next two days both sides strengthen their defences. On 12th September General Whish launched an attack with two columns of British troops in the centre and native soldiers on the left flank. The attack was met with strong resistance. By the end of the day the British had advanced to within 800 yards of the city walls at a cost of 500 dead including Major George Sheaffe Montizambert.[25]

General Whish now had his artillery within range and expected a quick victory but on 14th September Shere Sing threw off his neutral approach and joined the Multan garrison. General Whish was now heavily outnumbered and lifted the siege. The siege was not renewed until 17th December 1848 with reinforcements under Brigadier Henry Dundas. On 30th December a chance shot blew up the garrison’s magazine but still the siege when on. The British targeted key areas of the city and on 2nd January 1849 breached the city walls. The British advanced into the city against fierce resistance but by 4th January had encircled the main Sikh forces of Dewan Moolraj in the citadel. On 12th January the Sikhs made a furious sortie but the encirclement remained. On the 8th and 21st sappers blew mines under the citadel walls and preparations were in place for a general assault but Dewan Moolraj saw the end result and surrendered and was banished overseas.[26] But by the time of the surrender of Multan the entire Sikh kingdom has risen up against the British. Fierce battles raged across the Punjab before the British colours were raised over Lahore on 29th March 1849 and the Punjab was annexed into the territory of the East India Company.[27]

The widow of Montizambert

It is not known if Jane Vaughan Cotton was with her husband in India at the time of his death. Certainly the brief marriage was cut short after just two years in a very foreign land to the greenery of the Blackwater valley. After six years of widowhood Jane Vaughan Cotton got married again in November 1854 to John William Gaisford of Dolly’s Grove, Co. Meath. John Gaisford was the second son of Rev. Thomas Gaisford, dean of Christ Church, Oxford, by Helen, second daughter of Rev. Robert Douglas, rector of Salwarpe, Worcestershire. Rev. Thomas Gaisford was Regius Professor of Greek at Oxford. The Gaisford family came from Bulkington in Wiltshire.[28] The clerical connections of her father, Rev. Henry Cotton, possibly arranged the marriage or the meeting of Jane and John.

Rev. Thomas Gaisford married secondly in 1832 to Jane Katherine Jenkyns and their first son was Thomas Gaisford married in 1859, as his second wife, Lady Emily St. Lawrence, eldest daughter of the 3rd Earl of Howth. In 1909 the eldest son of Thomas and Emily Gaisford, Julian Charles Gaisford, inherited Howth Castle on the death of the 4th and last Earl of Howth.[29]

The children of Jane Cotton

Meanwhile John William Gaisford died in 1889 while Jane Vaughan Cotton spent nearly fourteen years in her second widowhood before dying on 18th October 1903.[30] John Gaisford and Jane Cotton had five children of whom the eldest was Cecil Henry Gaisford. He joined the army and was 2nd Lieutenant in the 72nd Highlanders Regiment. In 1870 he got killed in another Afghanistan War.

Jane’s second son, Douglas John Gaisford, also joined the army and was a Captain in the South Wales Borders before became a Lt-Col in the Essex Imperial Yeomanry. In June 1892, Douglas married Elizabeth Glencairn (d 27 April 1926), daughter of General Sir Archibald Alison. Douglas Gaisford died in June 1940, leaving three children one of whom, John William Gaisford fought at Gallipoli in World War One where he was wounded.[31]

Jane Cotton’s third son, Algernon Richard Gaisford, also joined the army becoming a Lieutenant in Seaforth Highlanders and died in 1953.

Jane Cotton had two daughters by John Gaisford. The eldest, Helen Gaisford, married in 1882, to Robert Groves Sandeman who was the second son of Major-Gen Robert TurnbulI Sandeman of the Bengal Army. It was common for the second or subsequent children in Victorian England to join the army but for four of Jane’s five children to join the army or marry army people may be inspired by her brief marriage to George Sheaffe Montizambert whose life was the army.

 

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[1] Lismore Cathedral Registers marriages 1838-1869’, in The Irish Genealogist, Vol. 6, No. 2, p. 248; Burke’s Irish Family Records, 1976, p. 1008

[2] http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=120546233 accessed on 6 November 2016

[3] http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=120546233 accessed on 6 November 2016

[4] http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=112114787 accessed on 6 November 2016

[5] http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=120546233 accessed on 6 November 2016

[6] http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=119197641 accessed on 6 November 2016

[7] http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=112114787 accessed on 6 November 2016

[8] Burke’s Irish Family Records, 1976, p. 1008

[9] http://www.fortyfirst.org/ accessed on 20th August 2017

[10] Hart’s Annual Army List, 1840, p. 192

[11] Trevelyan, G.M., British History in the 19th Century and After, 1782-1919 (London, 1946), p. 317

[12] Anon, ‘Afghanistan’, in The National Encyclopaedia (London, 1870), Vol. 1, p. 246

[13] Grant, J., Cassell’s Illustrated History of India (London, 1880), vol. II, pp. 124, 125

[14] Grant, Cassell’s Illustrated History of India, vol. II, pp. 128, 129

[15] Grant, Cassell’s Illustrated History of India, vol. II, pp. 130, 131, 34

[16] Hart’s Annual Army List, 1848, p. 161

[17] Hart’s Annual Army List, 1848, p. 161

[18] Hart’s Annual Army List, 1844, p. 192

[19] Hart’s Annual Army List, 1845, p. 192

[20] Hart’s Annual Army List, 1846, pp. 108, 192

[21] Lismore Cathedral Registers marriages 1838-1869’, in The Irish Genealogist, Vol. 6, No. 2, p. 248

[22] https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Cotton,_Henry_(DNB00) accessed on 20th August 2017

[23] Hart’s Annual Army List, 1847, pp. 102, 214

[24] Hart’s Annual Army List, 1848, pp. 102, 161

[25] Grant, Cassell’s Illustrated History of India, vol. II, pp. 166, 167, 168

[26] Grant, Cassell’s Illustrated History of India, vol. II, pp. 170, 171

[27] Grant, Cassell’s Illustrated History of India, vol. II, pp. 172, 173, 178179

[28] Burke’s Irish Family Records, 1976, p. 1008

[29] Burke’s Irish Family Records, 1976, p. 1009

[30] Burke’s Irish Family Records, 1976, p. 1008

[31] Burke’s Irish Family Records, 1976, p. 1008

Standard
Waterford history

Mocollop at the turn of the Twentieth century

Mocollop at the turn of the Twentieth century

Niall C.E.J. O’Brien

The townland of Mocollop is situated on the north bank of the River Blackwater in the civil parish of Lismore and Mocollop. The townland contains the ruins of a medieval castle, a nineteenth century Church of Ireland church (in ruins since 1960s) and Mocollop house, long the residence of the Drew family for near 200 years. In 1901 there were five inhabited houses in the townland, one uninhabited house and a school house.[1] In 1911 there were still five inhabited houses, one empty, a school house and the church was mentioned.[2] All the dwelling houses were owned by Henry William Drew.

DSC05253

 

view over Mocollop 

Mocollop House (house number one in 1901 & 1911)

In 1901 and 1911 Mocollop House was the residence of the Drew family, the local landlords for over 200 years. The family descended from an officer in the Irish army of Queen Elizabeth at the close of the sixteenth century. At the turn of the twentieth century Henry William Drew was the head of the family. Henry William Drew was born on 14th March 1848 at the height of the Great Famine. He was the only son of Henry Drew of Wynberg, South Africa, and his wife, Gertrude, daughter of a Mr. Albertyn and widow of a Mr. Williams.[3]

Henry Drew of Wynberg was the youngest and sixth son of Henry Drew of Mocollop and Amy, daughter of Higatt Boyd of Rosslare, Co. Wexford.[4] The eldest son of Henry and Amy Drew was called Francis (a popular name in the Drew family) and he succeeded to Mocollop Castle on the death of his father. Francis Drew married Anna Maria Ross and had a son and a daughter. The son, Francis, died unmarried in 1839 and thus his sister, Olivia Maria succeeded to Mocollop. Olivia Maria Drew married twice; first in 1841 to James Barry and following his death in 1881 she married George Edward Hillier. When Olivia Maria Drew died in 1884 she left no children by her two husbands.[5]

The succession to the Mocollop estate then reverted to the second son of Henry and Amy Drew, Tankerville Chamberlain Drew. Tankerville Drew had died on 15th June 1843, aged 48 years.[6] By his wife Jane, daughter of John Elmore, Tankerville Drew left two children; Francis and Helen.[7] The life of Francis Drew is not recorded and we don’t know when he died.

After the death of Francis and Helen the succession to Mocollop reverted to the third son of Henry and Amy Drew, John Drew and then to the fourth son, Samuel Drew and then to the fifth son, James Drew. By 1895 all these heirs had died without children and the succession passed to the sixth son, Henry Drew of Wynberg. But Henry Drew had died long before then in 1866 and thus Mocollop passed to his son, Henry William Drew.[8]

Henry William Drew was born in the Cape Colony according to the 1901 census. After some education in South Africa, Henry William Drew went to England where he qualified as a medical doctor in England. Henry William Drew then went to India where he served with the Indian Army. On 15th April 1873 he married Cherry Geraldine (also born in the Cape Colony), only daughter of Bolton S. Honeylorne. When the 1904 edition of Burke’s Landed Gentry was published the couple had six children.

These children were: Henry William Drew junior (born 26th January 1874), Francis Charles Drew (born 1st April 1875), Cecil Bolton Drew (born 12th September 1879), Desmond Drew (born 16th August 1886), Kathleen Maud Drew and Violet Mary Drew.[9] The 1911 census said that Henry William Drew and Cherry Geraldine had ten children of which five were still living. Elsewhere we learn that Cecil Bolton Drew died on 4th February 1905 at Beaufort West, South Africa. Cecil Drew must have returned to South Africa after his father inherited Mocollop. The other four deceased children possibly died early in South Africa. In the 1901 and 1911 census returns only the two daughters (Kathleen and Violet, both born in Cape Colony) of Henry William Drew and Cherry Geraldine were living with their parents at Mocollop.[10]

Servants at Mocollop House

When Henry William Drew came from South Africa in 1895 he brought with him three Zulu servants. In the 1901 census only two such servants are listed as living at Mocollop. These were Autie Drew, a female servant aged 15 and born in the Cape Colony, and Beu Bonoyd, a male servant aged 15 and born in Maleteland. Both servants were members of the Church of Ireland as were all members of the Drew family. In 1901 census also tells us that both servants could read and write. By the 1911 census this had changed and Autie Drew was listed as couldn’t read. Beu Bonoyd was not living at Mocollop in 1911 and his fate is as yet unknown.[11]

Two other servants were living in Mocollop House in 1901; Hannah Parsley and Mary Ann Sullivan, both Roman Catholics. Hannah Parsley was the cook and was aged 45 years. She was born in County Cork and could both read and write along with being able to speak Irish and English (the only member of the household to speak two languages). Hannah Parsley was also previously married but by 1901 was a widow. In 1911 Hannah Parsley was no longer at Mocollop and her job as cook was then performed by Autie Drew.

The other Irish servant of 1901 was Mary Ann Sullivan, a native of County Waterford and not married. Mary Ann Sullivan was listed as a general servant who could read and write. By 1911 Mary Ann Sullivan had left Mocollop.

In 1911 there were five servants living in Mocollop House. These were; Autie Drew, Bridget Flynn (domestic servant), Mary Latty (dairywoman), William Brown (domestic servant and house boy) and Patrick Healy (coachman).[12] In 1901 John O’Connor was the coachman but he had retired by 1911.

 

Mocollop_Castle__House__Ballyduff_Upper

Mocollop House c.1900

Structure of Mocollop House 1901 & 1911

In 1901 Mocollop House had five windows at the front of the house with twenty-four rooms within. Outside there were sixteen outbuildings.[13] By 1911 Mocollop House had fourteen windows at the front of the house and fourteen rooms within with fifteen outbuildings.[14] The 1901 return giving the purpose of each outbuilding has not survived but in 1911 these outbuildings were two stables, one coach house (inside the round tower of the medieval castle), one harness house, one dairy, two fowl houses, one boiling house and two barns along with one turf house, one laundry and three sheds.[15]

House number two in 1901 and 1911

In the 1901 and 1911 census returns there were four other dwelling houses in the townland of Mocollop. House number two in 1901 was occupied by the Bourke family with Johanna Bourke as head of the household. Johanna Bourke was aged 60 years and was a widow. She couldn’t read. Johanna Bourke listed her occupation as a housekeeper, possibly for her own house and also at Mocollop House. In 1901 she had not only to care for her own family but entertained two boarders.

These boarders were John Smith (married and aged 52) and John Davidson (unmarried and aged 27). Both were from Scotland and were temporary employed on the Mocollop estate was rabbit trappers.

The 1901 census records two sons and one daughter as living with Johanna Bourke, all three were unmarried. These children were George Bourke (aged 24), Johanna Bourke (aged 22) and Thomas Bourke (aged 20). Johanna Bourke had at least another daughter as the 1901 census records Johanna Daly, granddaughter, as in the house on census night.

In 1901 the Bourke house was described as having one window in the front elevation and three rooms within. By 1911 this had changed to two windows in front and only two rooms within. The number of outbuildings remained unchanged at two in both census returns.

House number three in 1901 and house number five in 1911

In 1901 and 1911 this house (with 2 windows in front and 3 rooms within) was occupied by John O’Connor with no outbuildings. In 1901, John O’Connor (aged 57, born Co. Cork) was the coachman for Mocollop House. He was married to Mary (aged 56, born Co. Waterford), a domestic servant. With them in the house in 1901 was their daughter Johanna (aged 24, born Co. Waterford).[16] Sadly in just over two years Johanna died (14th August 1903) and was buried in the nearby Mocollop graveyard. By 1911 John O’Connor was 74 years old and a retired coachman. Also by 1911 John was a widower and was living alone.[17] The big increase in his age was experience by many people between 1901 and 1911 as they tried to be old enough to qualify for the Old Age pension which was introduced in 1910.

House number four in 1901 and house number three in 1911

In 1901 this house (with 2 windows in front and 2 rooms within) was occupied by Patrick Enright. The Enright family had four outbuildings in 1901 and six outbuildings in 1911. These 1911 outbuildings were one each of a stable, piggery, fowl house, potato house, shed and the all-important forge.[18] In 1850 Patrick Keane operated a forge on the site and there was possibly a forge there for many decades before that.[19]

In 1901 Patrick Enright (aged 55, born Co. Cork) worked as a blacksmith along with his son, James Enright (aged 32, born Co. Cork) who was also a blacksmith. The third person in the 1901 household was Patrick’s wife, Mary Enright (aged 65, born Co. Cork) who could not read whereas her husband and son could both read and write.[20]

By 1911 James Enright was head of the household and was married seven year to Bridget Enright (aged 31, born Co. Waterford). They had five children, Richard, Daniel, James and Ellen. There was one child missing on the census night. One person who was not missing was Patrick Enright. By 1911 he was still working as a blacksmith and now 72 years old, another person like John O’Connor who had aged rapidly in the previous decade – must be something in the Mocollop air.[21]

It is also of note that the wider Enright family had the occupation of a blacksmith or engineer in their blood. In the 1911 census for Co. Cork there was Michael and Danial Enright as blacksmiths at Ringaskiddy with Thomas Enright as a boiler maker, while another Thomas and James Enright were blacksmiths at Shanbally, with a third Thomas Enright as a railway engine fitter in Cork city. Also in County Cork were Danial and Patrick Enright who were both blacksmiths at Ardra while John Enright was a fitter in a Cork city foundary.

House number five in 1901 and house number four in 1911

In 1901 this house was occupied by William O’Brien (aged 59, born Co. Cork), land steward, with his wife, Mary (aged 49, born Co. Clare) and their daughter, Mary (aged 23, born Co. Waterford).[22] In 1901 the house had three windows on the front elevation with four rooms within and two outbuildings outside.

By 1911 William O’Brien was a widower while still working as a land steward. His daughter Mary O’Brien was still living in the house.[23] The O’Brien house in 1911 still had three windows at the front and four rooms within but now had only one outbuilding, a piggery.[24]

End of one era and beginning of another

On 16th October 1918 Cherry Geraldine Drew died. On 7th June 1925 Henry William Drew died. It is said that he was buried with his gun and his dog. By that time the world around Mocollop House was changing fast. The southern counties of Ireland had broken away from the United Kingdom to form the Irish Free State. Closer to home the ancient landed estate of the Drew family was gradually passing into the ownership of the tenant farmers.[25] Over the next few decades of the twentieth century the Drew family left Mocollop, the Enright forge closed down, the nearby church went into ruins but a new Mocollop house stands at the dawn of a new century to continue the story of a rural townland forever changing.

 

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End of post

 

==============

 

[1] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001226478/ accessed 11th November 2014

[2] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003488428/ accessed on 11th November 2014

[3] Burke’s Landed Gentry, 1904, p. 159

[4] Burke’s Landed Gentry, 1904, p. 159

[5] Burke’s Landed Gentry, 1904, p. 159

[6] Grave stone inscription, Mocollop graveyard

[7] Burke’s Landed Gentry, 1904, p. 159

[8] Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, vol. 24, p. 6; Burke’s Landed Gentry, 1904, p. 159

[9] Burke’s Landed Gentry, 1904, p. 159

[10] Census of Ireland, 1901 and 1911, Drew, Mocollop, Co. Waterford

[11] Census of Ireland, 1901 and 1911, Drew, Mocollop, Co. Waterford

[12] Census of Ireland 1911, Drew, Mocollop, Co. Waterford

[13] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001226478/ accessed on 20th August 2017

[14] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003488428/ accessed on 20th August 2017

[15] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003488430/ accessed on 20th August 2017

[16] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001226481/ accessed on 11th November 2014

[17] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003488440/ accessed on 20th August 2017

[18] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003488430/ accessed on 11th November 2014

[19] Griffith’s Valuation, Mocollop, parish of Lismore & Mocollop, Co. Waterford

[20] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001226482/ accessed on 11th November 2014

[21] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003488436/ accessed on 20th August 2017

[22] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001226483/ accessed on 11th November 2014

[23] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003488438/ accessed on 20th August 2017

[24] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003488430/ accessed on 20th August 2017

[25] http://www.dippam.ac.uk/eppi/documents/22658/page/638873 accessed on 20th August 2017

Standard
Cork history, Waterford history

Orpin family of Marshtown, Co. Cork: a brief history

Orpin family of Marshtown, Co. Cork: a brief history

Niall C.E.J. O’Brien

 

 

In the second half of the nineteenth century the Orpin family were the landlords of the Marston estate at Marshtown, Co. Cork. The first of the family we know of is Robert Orpin esq. who lived in Dublin in the early 1700’s. Anna–Maria Hajba in Houses of Cork, Vol. 1 says that this family of Orpin was a branch of the Kerry Orpen’s, but the listing for the Kerry Orpen’s in Burkes Landed Gentry, 1958 does not mention Robert Orpin.[1]

 

This is not to say that he was of a junior branch of that family as a good few of the early Orpen’s had Robert as a first name. John Orpen of Forleigh, Somerset, had a son Robert born 1553 who had a son Robert of Shaston, Dorset, a merchant who died of plague in 1645 and who had a son Robert Orpen of Killorglin, Co. Kerry where he lived in 1661 and had 3 sons the second of whom was another Robert Orpen, born in 1644, married in 1669 and died in 1699.[2]

 

Robert Orpin of Dublin

 

But we do know that the first Robert Orpin of the later Marshtown family was descendent through his wife with the Kerry Orpen’s. She was Johanna Mansfield, daughter of William Mansfield, and Mary-Johanna Gandrum. Mary-Johanna was the daughter of Augustus Gandrum by his wife Margaret Bowen, daughter of William Bowen and granddaughter of Robert Bowen, Robert’s wife was Margaret Orpen daughter of Robert Orpen of Killorglin above.[3]

 

Robert Orpin of Dublin had two sons by Johanna Gandrum, called Benjamin and Abel. Benjamin Orpin got married and had a son but we know little more about him. Abel Orpin got married twice and by his second wife Lucy Duant, had children. Abel Orpin became a cleric in the Church of Ireland. He was for a time curate in Drishane parish in the diocese of Ardfert and Aghadoe.

 

Rev. Abel Orpin

 

Rev. Abel had at least three sons by his second wife. Basil Orpin also became a cleric in the Church of Ireland, married, had children and died in 1842. John Orpin lived in Cork City had a wife Mary and died in 1823. The third son, another Abel Orpin, is little known other than he was mentioned in the will of his brother John Orpin.[4]

 

Rev. Basil Orpin

 

As noted above the first son, Basil Orpin became a clergyman. He was ordained on 29th September 1786 and served in various curacies in the Cloyne Diocese. He got the curates job in Clonmeen and Roskeen parish in 1786 while still a deacon. Later Basil Orpin moved to Ballyhooly, and was curare to the rector William Berkeley, a nephew of Bishop Berkeley of Cloyne. There was a population of 60 Protestants in Ballyhooly in 1785 shortly before Basil Orpin came. There was one church, no glebe house and the curate had a salary of £50.[5]

 

Ballyhooly church

Ballyhooly church by Mike Searle

This was a nice income compared to other people of that time. A land steward in Tipperary working for 300 days got £12. Ten pence was given for one days mowing of hay and three pence for threshing a barrel of oats in 1779.[6]

 

Rev. Basil Orpin served at Ballyhooly until 1804 when for the next four years he was vicar at Tullilease parish while acting and living in Aghinagh parish as curate.  But his house must have been modest as no glebe house was built until 1862.[7]

 

In 1808 Rev. Basil Orpin was made vicar of Ballyvourney, a position he held until his death on 2nd November 1842. At Ballyvourney he also held the job of Rector, the highest church position he attained. In the early year Rev. Basil Orpin had little clerical duties to perform as in 1805 there were no Protestant families in the parish. By 1830 there were 30 people of that faith while the census of 1860 also recording 30 Protestant people. Rev. Basil Orpin made improvements in 1824 by building a church to seat 200 people as the old church was long in ruins.[8]

 

On the personnel front Rev. Basil Orpin was also making improvements.  He married Ellen Newce but it is unknown if she was his first wife or second.  In the will of his brother John Orpin in 1823, Benjamin Orpin was listed as son of Basil’s first marriage while the children Richard, Mary and Joanne were by other marriage.  Rev. Basil Orpin had other children, namely; John Orpin who married a Miss Manden and had two sons and Basil Orpin who later settled at Marshtown, along with two more daughters, Isabella and Charlotte. It is not known were these children from the first or second marriage or was there the possibility of a third marriage.[9]

 

Nothing further is known of Basil’s children except of Benjamin Orpin who was sometimes referred to Abel Orpin. He lived at Passage West and had a wife Lucinda who died on 1st May 1841. Ben Orpin died on 26th March 1880.[10]

 

Meanwhile it was not just religious matters and family life concerned Rev. Basil Orpin. He was sometimes asked to act in a legal capacity for people. Pierce Power asked Rev. Basil Orpin to be one of 6 executors of his will in 1819. By the time the will was sworn in 1838 only Rev. Basil Orpin was alive to see it implemented.  Richard Foot of Millfort Co. Cork was the beneficiary and got three townlands in the Barony of Duhallow.[11]

 

Basil Orpin

 

Rev. Basil Orpin died in 1842 and was buried in Millstreet, Drishane parish. The earliest reference we have to Basil Orpin, son of Rev. Basil Orpin is from 1834. In that year he acted as solicitor to a marriage settlement with an address of Lower Mount Street in Dublin. The married couple were George and Elizabeth Crofts. They gave Matthew and John Purcell £1,384 12s 3d for certain lands in the Barony of Fermoy, and in the Barony of Duhallow at Woodpark for 500 years. Basil Orpin was trustee to this agreement in 24th January 1834.[12]

 

Later in 1854 the Crofts had gone into bankrupacy and by order of the court of Chancery their lands were to be sold. Rev. Thomas Hamblin Porter gave Basil Orpin £695 12s 10d for the Duhallow lands along with other lands in Counties Cork, Kerry and Limerick. Anne Purcell gave consent for the sale but with a right of recovery of on payment of the £695 plus 5% interest. This was because the Purcell’s owned the ground title and had only given the land to the Croft’s on a long lease.[13]

 

Basil Orpin also did other land transactions for the Purcell’s. On 22nd of August 1848 he was solicitor to an agreement where by John Purcell gave Matthias Hendley of Mount Rivers, Fermoy, lands in Counties Cork, Limerick and Tipperary in trust for money lent to John by Matthias.[14]

 

On the 14th of August 1854 Basil Orpin again was solicitor for a deed of conveyance from Edmond Boyle, 8th Earl of Cork and Orrery, to Ann Purcell, Burton Park, of Carrigacashell townland in Duhallow.[15] During the time of the last transaction Basil Orpin was also conducting legal business for the Earls cousin William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire. There is in the Lismore Castle papers housed in the National Library of Ireland where legal letters from Basil Orpin to the Duke cover the years from 1852 to 1857.[16] While in the papers in Lismore Castle there are legal letters covering from 1860 to 1882 when Basil died.[17]

 

Basil Orpin and the troubled Kerry lands

 

Meanwhile in 1850 Basil Orpin and his son John Orpin got legal papers of their own which were not nice. These papers were an ejectment notice served at their offices in Dublin, by Anthony Lynch of Dublin, acting for Sir William D. Godfrey of Kilcolman Abbey, Co. Kerry.[18] The notice was for lands at Knockagurrane parish of Kilcolman in Kerry in order that Sir William could recover the rent arrears on the land that was owed by the Orpins. Their cousin Anne Orpin of Killarney who had a share in the land also got an ejectment notice. None of the Orpins contested the notice and Sir William got back his land.

 

The story of Knockagurrane is a long one. It began on 11th June 1798 when John Orpin, son of Rev. Abel Orpin, took out a 31 year lease on the 88 acres of Knockagurrane from John Godfrey of Bushfield Co. Kerry for 17 shillings per acre.  John Orpin was living at Temple Villa Co. Cork at the time. The lease was renewed on 17th August 1804, 10th September 1817, 24th September 1822 and 9th May 1823.[19]

 

John Orpin died on 10th September 1823 and passed his interest in Knockagurrane to his niece Ann Orpin, possibly the daughter of his brother Abel Orpin.[20] Basil Orpin, the solicitor, became a partner with Ann Orpin for the property. Further deeds on 20th August 1835, 10th April 1839 and 5th November 1840 changed the interest of various parties to the property.

 

By December 1847 instructions for ejectment of Ann Orpin were prepared by Stokes and Creagh, solicitors of Dublin for Sir William Duncan Godfrey. Ann had accumulated rent arrears of two years amounting to £98 6s 8d. Stokes and Creagh didn’t proceed with ejectment (eviction in the common language of the day) but consulted George Blake Hickson of South Great George’s Street who on examining the case said it was a very peculiar case and so full of difficulties that he advised against ejectment and to recover the arrears by other means.[21]

 

Whatever the other ways of getting the money Sir William Godfrey employed, it had no positive outcome. The rent arrears had risen to £180 2s 10d by January 1st 1850 when Sir William called it a day and brought ejectment proceeds in the Court of Queens Beach against Ann Orpin and her tenants.  Basil Orpin got the ejectment notice on the 10th. It was the 13th of July when the Court gave judgement in favour of Sir William with costs.

 

But it was a short-lived victory for Sir William Godfrey. In January 1856 Sir William Godfrey lost Knockagurrane with a number of other townlands because of a petition to the Encumbered Estates Court by Charles Sugrue of Cork for debts totalling £32,471 7s 11d.[22]

 

DSC05869

Former gates into the Marston estate –

now at St. Carthage’s Cathedral, Lismore

Basil Orpin acquires Marshtown

 

About this time in the 1850s that Basil Orpin purchased the Marston Estate at Marshtown, Co. Cork from the trustees of Richard Henry Gumbleton and those lands of Georgina Gumbleton (Richard’s Sister-in-law) north of the river Blackwater. By 1870 Basil Orpin owned 406 acres in Co. Cork and 2,188 acres in Co. Waterford valued at £370 and £690 respectively.[23] But happiness was not to last long as his wife Mary Carthew died on the 11th of March 1866 and was buried at Mocollop. Basil Orpin was buried beside her after his death on 4th January 1882.[24]

 

Before his death notices of ejectment were again served but this time by Basil Orpin on a number of tenants at Mocollop.  It was decided to hold a huge protest meeting.  The local magistrates wanted to ban the meeting in the interest of public order.  Mr Redmond, the resident magistrate from Dungarvan, refused and the meeting proceeded without incident. This occurred in May 1881 during the Land War. It’s not recorded if the evictions went ahead.[25]

 

John Orpin

 

The son of Basil Orpin was John Orpin who was born in 1826 and died on 23rd March 1904 and was buried at Mocollop. Also buried there was his wife, Susan Lilias, born in 1832 and died on 26th April 1903.[26]

 

John Orpin, like his father, was a solicitor and is recorded living at Marston in 1886.[27] Also like his father, there are letters from John Orpin among the Lismore Castle papers in Lismore. These date from 1880 to 1889.[28]

 

Basil Orpin

 

John Orpin had at least two sons. The eldest, Basil Orpin, succeeded to the Marston Estate. He was born in 1860 and died on 31st July 1922 and is also buried at Mocollop.[29] Like his father and grandfather there are letters from Basil Orpin in Lismore Castle from 1900 to 1921 as the Orpin’s (of Orpen’s as Basil signed his name) were solicitors to the Castle for many decades.[30] Upon his headstone at Mocollop it says Basil Orpin of Marston also lived at 47 St. Stephen’s Green, Dublin, where he could have carried on his legal practice.

 

47-49_St_Stephens_Green_v2-min-800x533

47 St. Stephen’s Green, Dublin – the door on the right

Cecil Orpin

 

His brother Cecil Orpin succeeded to Marston, where he lived in the gate lodge as the big house had burnt down in about 1908.  He was there until at least 1932 as he is listed as an occupier in that year.[31] The estate was divided soon after.

 

Cecil Orpin was a medical doctor and lived for many years in Youghal.  In the 1901 census he lived at No. 3 Marina Terrace. There was nobody else with him in the house on the night of the census.[32] By the time of the next census in 1911 Cecil Orpin had moved to No. 1 Marina Terrace with the Christian Brothers now in No. 3. With him in the house were his wife Ethel and daughters Lilias, Ruth and Susan. There also was five servants, Mabel Marque, Mary Courtney, Hannah Sherlocke, Mary O’ Connell and Catherine Scully.[33]  In the 1960s and 1970s a member of the Orpin family served as a news announcer on RTE television. This then is a brief outline of the history of the Orpin family as is presently known from their origins as Dublin merchants to church clerics and solicitors to estate landlords and medical doctors to television presenters.

 

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End of post

 

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[1] Hajba, A., Historical genealogical architectural notes on some houses of Cork (Whitegate, 2002), Vol. 1, North Cork, p. 259; Burkes landed Gentry, 1958, pp. 556-560

[2] Burkes Landed Gentry, 1958, p. 556

[3] Casey, A.E. & O’Dowling, T. (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter and Upper Blackwater (15 vols. Wisconsin, 1964), Vol. 6, p. 1422

[4] Casey & O’Dowling (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter, Vol.6, p. 802

[5] Casey & O’Dowling (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter, Vol 6, p. 801

[6] Lambe, M., A Tipperary landed estate: Castle Otway, 1750-1853 (Dublin, 1998), p. 24

[7] Casey & O’Dowling (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter, Vol. 6, p. 870

[8] Casey & O’Dowling (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter, Vol. 6, p. 802

[9] Casey & O’Dowling (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter, Vol. 6, p. 802; Bray, V. & Spring, J., ‘The Godfrey Papers: Abstracts of Deeds, 1800-1839’, in the Journal Kerry Archaeological and History Society, Vol. 21 (1988), pp. 42-101, at p. 73

[10] Records of Old Cork Newspapers

[11] Casey & O’Dowling (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter, Vol. 15, p. 2303

[12] Casey & O’Dowling (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter, Vol. 15, p. 2182

[13] Casey & O’Dowling (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter, Vol. 15, p. 2184

[14] Casey & O’Dowling (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter, Vol 15, p. 2182

[15] Casey & O’Dowling (eds.), OKief, Coshe Many, Slieve Loughter, Vol. 15, p. 1783

[16] Lismore Castle Paper, N.L.I., Ms. 7187

[17] Lismore Castle Papers, Lismore, file C/1/pigeon hole C and D to K and C/2/20 room 4 the tower

[18] Bray, V. & Spring, J., ‘The Godfrey Papers: Abstracts of Deeds, 1850-1858’, in the Journal Kerry Archaeological and History Society, Vol. 23 (1990), pp. 46-68, at p. 48

[19] Bray, V. & Spring, J., ‘The Godfrey Papers: Abstracts of Deeds, 1840-1848’, in the Journal Kerry Archaeological and History Society, Vol. 22 (1989), pp. 35-60, at pp. 40-41

[20] Bray, V. & Spring, J., ‘The Godfrey Papers: Abstracts of Deeds, 1800-1839’, in the Journal Kerry Archaeological and History Society, Vol. 21 (1988), pp. 42-101, at p. 73

[21] Bray, V. & Spring, J., ‘The Godfrey Papers: Abstracts of Deeds, 1840-1848’, in the Journal Kerry Archaeological and History Society, Vol. 22 (1989), pp. 35-60, at p. 53

[22] Bray, V. & Spring, J., ‘The Godfrey Papers: Abstracts of Deeds, 1850-1858’, in the Journal Kerry Archaeological and History Society, Vol, 23 (1990), pp. 46-68, at pp. 61-62

[23] Owners of land of one acre and upwards, 1870 with information extracted for Counties Cork and Waterford

[24] Headstone inscription in Mocollop church graveyard

[25] Power, P.C., History of Waterford City and County (Cork, 1990), p. 201

[26] Headstone inscriptions in Mocollop church graveyard

[27] Guys Postal directory,1886

[28] Lismore Castle papers, Lismore, file C/1/pigeon hole M-R

[29] Headstone inscription in Mocollop church graveyard

[30] Lismore Castle Papers, Lismore, file C/1/ pigeon hole (U-X)

[31] Hajba, Houses of Co. Cork, Vol. 1, p. 259

[32] Farrell, N., Youghal Family Roots: exploring family origins in Youghal (Longford, 2001), p. 8

[33] Farrell, Youghal Family Roots, p. 24.

Standard
Waterford history

Ballynadigue or Bellevue House, Co. Waterford

Ballynadigue or Bellevue House, Co. Waterford

Niall C.E.J. O’Brien

 

Ballynadigue House stands at the southern end of Monaman Lower townland in the civil parish of Lismore and Mocollop in west County Waterford. Before 1900 the house was known as Bellevue House. Ballynadigue House is situated on the road between Lismore and Cappoquin on the north bank of the River Blackwater. In 1870 Joseph Hansard described this road as ‘This neighbourhood is highly improved, and, for romantic scenery, may bear a comparison with the most celebrated places’.[1]

Origins of Bellevue House

Joseph Hansard in his book, History of Waterford, records the principle gentry of Lismore and Cappoquin in about 1820.[2] In those lists no person is mentioned for Bellevue House. By the time of the first Ordnance Survey map in 1840 the house was built and named Bellevue.

Bellevue House 1850

In about 1850 Paul Shewcraft lived at Bellevue House as Ballynadigue House was then known. The house and outbuildings were worth £19 10s. Around the house was 17 acres of land. Paul Shewcraft rented Bellevue House from the Duke of Devonshire. There were two gate lodges into the estate, both worth 15s. One of the gate lodges was vacant while the other was occupied by Denis O’Brien.[3]

In 1805 a person called Paul Shewcraft was mayor of Bombay and was in the Bombay artillery. In 1806 Paul Shewcraft was made a Lieutenant in the Bombay Volunteer Association.[4] Paul Shewcraft was in India since before 1794 and by 1816 he had left India and was living at Fitzroy Street in London. In 1816 he was a witness in the case of bigamy against Captain Harrower, late of the East India Company.[5] In April 1828, Lucinda, the wife of Paul Shewcraft, died at Fitzroy Street in London.[6]

Between 1850 and 1900

In 1881 Mrs. Hewson was living at Bellevue House, then written as Bellview.[7] In 1893 the Cotton sisters were living at Ballynadigue House which was written as Ballinadigue.[8] Richard Chearnley of Salterbridge House, just to the east of Ballynadigue House, had married Mary, daughter of Rev. Henry Cotton, archdeacon of Cashel.[9]

Ballynadigue House 1901

In 1901 Emma E. Cotton lived at Ballynadigue House with two servants. Emma Cotton was aged 50 in 1901 and was born in King’s County (Offaly). She was unmarried and a member of the Church of Ireland or the Irish Church as she called it. Emma Cotton gave her occupation as “interest in money”![10]

The two servants at Ballynadigue in 1901 were Kate Kingston and Sarah McCoy. Kate Kingston was aged 34 years and was born in Co. Cork. She worked as a cook/domestic servant. Sarah McCoy was aged 27 years and was born in Co. Wexford. She worked as housemaid/domestic servant. Both servants were unmarried and members of the Church of Ireland.[11]

In 1901 Ballynadigue house had twelve windows in front of the house and sixteen rooms within. To the north-west of the house were nine outhouses.[12] Unfortunately the form recording what function these outhouses had has not survived.

 

20768142_1599057156832388_3542799215491663800_n

The gate lodge and entrance to Ballynadigue House

Ballynadigue gate lodge 1901

As in 1850 Bellevue/Ballynadigue House had two gate lodges in 1901. The back gate lodge was vacant and the front gate lodge was occupied by John Gibson and he rented the building from Emma Cotton. The gate lodge had four windows in front of the house and five rooms within.[13] John Gibson worked for Emma Cotton as a coachman/domestic servant. He was aged 41 years, a Roman Catholic, and was born in Co. Westmeath. John Gibson lived in the gate lodge with his wife, Bridget (aged 32 years, Roman Catholic, born Co. Westmeath).[14]

By 1911 John Gibson had left Ballynadigue House and was living at Coolfin in King’s County (Offaly) where he work as a coachman for Arthur Burdett of Coolfin House. John Gibson lived in the gate lodge of Coolfin House with his wife, Bridget Gibson and records show that they were married twenty-two years (c.1889) and had no children.[15]

Ballynadigue House 1901-10

In 1909-10 Sir Joseph Cotter was a Justice of the Peace and lived at Ballynadigue House in the townland of Monaman Lower.[16] It is not possible to find him in the 1901 and 1911 census returns and he may have been out of the country at those times.

Ballynadigue House 1911

In 1911 Joseph Crowley was living at Ballynadigue House with his wife Alice and three servants. Joseph Crowley was aged 54 years and was born in Co. Cork. He gave his occupation as a retired Inspector General and retired medical practitioner. Alice Crowley, Joseph’s wife of nineteen years, was aged 50 in 1911 and was born in England. They had no children. Joseph and Alice Crowley were both Roman Catholics.[17]

The three servants at Ballynadigue in 1911 were Agnes O’Shea (aged 30 years, cook/domestic servant), Mary Power (aged 27 years, housemaid/domestic servant) and Anastasia McGrath (aged 25 years, parlour maid/domestic servant). All three servants were born in Co. Waterford and were Roman Catholics.[18]

In 1911 Ballynadigue House was described as having six windows (1901 = 12 windows) in the front of the house and nine rooms within (1901 = 16 rooms). Outside the house there were fifteen outbuildings (1901 = 9 buildings).[19] In all three counts – windows, rooms and outbuildings – great changes had occurred to Ballynadigue House in the ten years since the 1901 census. The fifteen outbuildings were described as 3 stables, 1 coach house, 1 harness house, 2 fowl houses and one each of a dairy house, cow house, calf house, piggery, boiling house, barn, potato house and store house.[20]

Ballynadigue gate lodge 1911

The front gate lodge in 1911 was occupied by William Moynihan. The house had two windows in the front and three rooms within with one outhouse.[21] William Moynihan worked as a gardener and was aged 29 years. He was born in County Waterford and was a Roman Catholic. William Moynihan was married to Mary Moynihan for just three years and they had two sons, Maurice and Edmond. Mary Moynihan was 27 years old and was born in County Waterford and was a Roman Catholic. William Moynihan could speak Irish and English but Mary could only speak English.[22]

In 1901 William Moynihan had worked as an agricultural labourer for Miss. Ellen O’Donnell at Ballygalane, the next townland to the west of Ballynadigue House.[23]

After 1911

After 1911 Ballynadigue House enters the realm of modern history and we’ll leave it for future historians to record that story.

 

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End of post

 

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[1] Joseph Hansard, History of Waterford (edited by Donal Brady, Waterford County Council), p. 246

[2] Joseph Hansard, History of Waterford (edited by Donal Brady, Waterford County Council), pp. 246, 247

[3] Griffith’s Valuation, Monaman Lower townland, Lismore and Mocollop parish, Coshmore and Coshbride barony, Co. Waterford

[4] Lawrence D. Campbell (ed.) The Asiatic Annual Register or a View of the History of Hindustan (London, 1809), pp. 95, 173

[5] http://www.hainings.net/10966.htm accessed on 6 November 2016

[6] The Gentleman’s Magazine, Volume 98, Part 1 (1828), p. 475

[7] Slater’s Commercial Directory of Ireland, 1881, Munster section, p. 107

[8] Guy’s Postal Directory, 1893, Waterford section, p. 49

[9] Burke’s Landed Gentry of Ireland, 1899, p. 68

[10] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001227922/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[11] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001227922/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[12] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001227920/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[13] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001227920/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[14] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001227923/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[15] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai002640075/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[16] Thom’s Directory, 1909-10, p. 229

[17] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003491449/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[18] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003491449/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[19] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003491445/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[20] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003491447/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[21] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003491445/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[22] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003491451/ accessed on 6 November 2016

[23] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001227706/ accessed on 6 November 2016

Standard
Waterford history

Ballyduff Upper R.I.C. Station, Co. Waterford

Ballyduff Upper R.I.C. Station, Co. Waterford

Niall C.E.J. O’Brien

 

Ballyduff Garda Station is noted for its unusual architecture for a police station which is enhanced by its dramatic location on a height on the south side of Ballyduff Bridge and overlooking the River Blackwater. Legend says the building was intended for India but the architect’s plans got mixed up and it was built in Ballyduff instead as a barrack for the Royal Irish Constabulary. The R.I.C. barrack at Cahirciveen, Co. Kerry, carries a similar story. They say you should never leave fact get in the way of a good story. This article may do that yet it also intends to record other items of the history of the building.

 

ballyduff_garda_station_1308998771153_large1

Front elevation of the R.I.C. barracks

In the thirty-seventh report of Board of Public Works for 1868 (year ending March 1869) it was stated that the Board had entered into a contract for the erection of a constabulary barracks at Ballyduff, Co. Waterford and another barrack at Errismore, Co. Galway.[1] In the thirty-eight report of Board of Public Works for 1869 (year ending March 1870) it was stated that the constabulary barracks at Ballyduff, Co. Waterford and Errismore, Co. Galway were built. The same report said that arrangements for a new barracks at Cahirciveen, Co. Kerry were in place.[2]

The constabulary barracks was designed by Jacob Brothers on behalf of the Board of Public Works in the Scottish Baronial style.[3] Only one year before, in 1867, the Irish Constabulary had become the Royal Irish Constabulary because of its contribution in suppressing the Fenian rebellion of 1867.[4]

R.I.C. activities 1881-1890

In 1883 Ballyduff R.I.C. barrack acquired added duties when Colonel George Edward Hillier married Olivia Maria Drew of Mocollop Castle. George Hillier was Assistant Inspector General of the R.I.C. in 1861 with the job of commanding officer of the Phoenix Park depot (now Garda headquarters). George Hillier was Deputy Inspector General of the R.I.C. from 30th July 1867 to 1st January 1877 and Inspector General of the R.I.C. from 19th September 1876 to 12th May 1882 or the most senior policeman in Ireland.[5] George Hillier had one son and two daughters from a previous marriage and died on 12th March 1895 and was buried in the Drew family vault in Mocollop graveyard.

In 1886 Serjeant John Boucher was in charge of Ballyduff R.I.C. barrack.[6] John Boucher joined the R.I.C. between October 1863 and November 1865. His police number was 30393.[7] John Boucher was born in Co. Tipperary around 1848 and by 1901 he was married to Kate Boucher and had three daughters and two sons.[8]

On 4th February 1886 a large force of R.I.C. under the command of District Inspector Wynne attended the eviction of George Hodnett.[9] Assisting with evictions was a challenging part of the constables job as the friendly relations built up with the locals in an area was put under serious pressure at evictions.

On 17th October 1889 Ballyduff G.A.A. organised a sports day with horse races. A large force of R.I.C. under Colonel Waring, R.M., and County Inspector Whelan came to maintain order. That night the crowd provoked the police by singing ‘The Peeler and the Goat’ which resulted in a baton charge and some of the crowd were injured.[10]

R.I.C. activities 1890-1900

In January 1890 two local constables attended a Ballyduff G.A.A. training event to keep an eye on proceedings.[11] The G.A.A. was a training ground for revolutionaries as much as a sports organisation.

 

Photo 22

Ballyduff R.I.C. barracks standing over the bridge across the River Blackwater

In 1893 Ballyduff R.I.C. barrack was in the Constabulary district of Cappoquin. Sergeant John Boucher was still in charge of Ballyduff barrack.[12] In April 1893 he possibly attended, with other constables, the last large faction fight in Ballyduff.[13] By 1901 John Boucher had retired from the R.I.C. and was living at Harbour View in Bantry, Co. Cork.[14]

1901 census

In the 1901 census Ballyduff R.I.C. barrack was house number 7 in the townland of Ballyduff Lower in the District Electoral Division of Castlerichard. There were 7 windows in front of the building and one outbuilding in the rear yard. James Mullany, serjeant, occupied the station with his family, using four rooms. The building was rented from Sir Richard Musgrave of Tourin, Co. Waterford.[15]

James Mullany was not in the Barrack on census night, 2nd April 1901. His wife, a daughter and four sons were in residence. Johanna Mullany was born in Co. Wexford and was aged 31 years. Her daughter, Eva, was born in Co. Waterford and was aged 4 years. The sons were Patrick (aged 10 years), Alfred (aged 7 years), Edward (aged 2 years) and James (aged 1 year). All the sons were born in Co. Waterford except Alfred who was born in Co. Wexford.[16]

James Mullany stayed away from the Barrack on census night and didn’t record his name on any other household census form. Ten Years later we find him in Clonroche, Co. Wexford. By then James Mullany had left the R.I.C. and gave his occupation as shopkeeper. In 1911 James Mullany was 53 years old, could speak Irish and English, was born in Co. Tipperary and was married for 21 years with 9 children of whom 8 were living by 1911. In the 1911 census all 8 children lived at Clonroche (5 sons, 3 daughters). Also in the house was Patrick Nolan, aged 59 years, born in Co. Wexford, farmer and uncle to James Mullany.[17]

Other R.I.C. people in 1901 census

Apart from the active R.I.C. people living in Ballyduff around 1901 there was also former R.I.C. people in residence. Danial Moylan, aged 75 years and born Co. Cork, lived at house number 6 in Ballyduff village. Danial was police pensioner and unmarried. He lived with his niece, Mary Slattery and her husband, Patrick Slattery.[18] The house was rented from James Daly and had four rooms and two outbuildings.[19]

R.I.C. activities 1901-1911

In 1905 a large force of R.I.C. attended the eviction of William Cashin at Ballinalovane.[20]

1911 census

In the 1911 census Ballyduff R.I.C. barrack was house number 8 in the townland of Ballyduff Lower in the District Electoral Division of Castlerichard. The building had six windows in the front and one outbuilding in the rear yard. The station was rented from Andrew Clancy who was the landlord. In 1911 Michael Farrell was in charge of Ballyduff R.I.C. barrack even though he didn’t give his age or occupation in the census form. Michael Farrell lived with his family in three rooms in the building.[21]

Michael Farrell gave few details about himself in the 1911 census. His wife, Mary Bridget, was born in Co. Cork and was aged 36 years. She was married for 14 years and had 9 children of whom 7 were living in 1911. The couple had four daughters and three sons living in Ballyduff R.I.C. barrack. These were Mary (born Co. Roscommon and aged 12 years), Bridget (born Waterford city and aged 11 years), Michael (born Waterford city and aged 9 years), Rebecca (born Waterford city and aged 6 years), Aileen (born Waterford city and aged 4 years), David (born Waterford city and aged 3 years) and Alan (born Waterford city and aged 1 year).[22]

In the 1901 census Michael Farrell supplied more details of himself. Michael Farrell was born in Co. Roscommon and was 31 years old in 1901. He was a Roman Catholic and was a constable in the R.I.C. In 1901 he was then living at house 10 in Johnstown Street, Waterford city with his wife, two daughters and one son.[23]

In 1911 Mary Ahearne (widow, aged 45 years, born Co. Cork) of house number 22 in Ballyduff village was employed as a servant at the R.I.C. barrack. Mary Ahearne had her daughter, also called Mary Ahearne, living with her. Mary junior was aged 21 years, born in Co. Waterford and was employed as a nursery maid, cook and domestic servant.[24]

War of Independence 1919-1921

The first fighting in the Irish War of Independence in 1919-1921 began at Soloheadbeg in Co. Tipperary when two members of the R.I.C. were shot as members of the Irish Republican Army attempted to steal explosives from a local mine. As the war escalated the R.I.C. were in the front line and many members were caught in the middle as most of them were Irish. There were even cases of divided loyalties within families such as the Richardson family where Thomas Richardson was in the R.I.C. and his son Patrick Richardson was in the I.R.A. (Irish Independent, 26th June 1943).

 

scottish-baronial-designed-royal-irish-constabulary-ric-station-ballyduff-derper

Rear elevation of Ballyduff R.I.C. barracks

In March 1921 the Cork No. 2 Brigade Active Service Unit felled a number of trees on the Ballyduff to Fermoy road at Scartacrooka in the hope of ambushing some members of the British army or Auxiliaries or any British military units that came along. Before the British military arrived a R.I.C. patrol left Ballyduff R.I.C. barracks to investigate the fallen trees. When they arrived at Scartacrooka the I.R.A. opened fire. In the ensuing gun battle Constable Joseph Duddy was killed. Constable Duddy was stationed in Ballyduff R.I.C. barracks and was a native of Co. Armagh. He was married with two children.[25]

In 1911 Joseph Duddy lived at 65 Carlisle Street, Belfast, and worked in the city as a draper’s assistant.[26]

After the formation of the Irish Free State, a new police force was established, An Garda Síochána. Timothy Ryan was the first sergeant-in-charge of Ballyduff Garda Station, note it was no longer referred to as a barrack which has army associations.[27]

The Garda station is no longer in use but the building is still maintained by the Office of Public Works.

 

Bibliography

Desmond, L., With the Constabulary in Waterford (Author, 2000)

Geary, M., A History of Ballyduff GAA (Ballyduff, 1987)

Herlihy, J., Royal Irish Constabulary (Dublin, 1997)

McCarthy, P., The Irish Revolution, 1912-23: Waterford (Dublin, 2015)

Maguire, H. (ed.), An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of County Waterford (Government of Ireland, 2014)

 

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End of post

 

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[1] http://www.dippam.ac.uk/eppi/documents/15340/page/398177 accessed on 8 June 2016

[2] http://www.dippam.ac.uk/eppi/documents/15436/page/400592 accessed on 8 June 2016

[3] Maguire, H. (ed.), An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of County Waterford (Government of Ireland, 2014), p. 52

[4] Desmond, L., With the Constabulary in Waterford (Author, 2000), p. 137

[5] Burkes Landed Gentry, 1904, p. 159; http://irishconstabulary.com/topic/2052/INSPECTOR-GENERALS-ASSISTANT-INSPECTOR-GENERALS#.WYDSV9TyvIU accessed on 1st August 2017

[6] Geary, M., A History of Ballyduff GAA (Ballyduff, 1987), p. 16

[7] Herlihy, J., Royal Irish Constabulary (Dublin, 1997), p. 24

[8] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000496917/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[9] Geary, A History of Ballyduff GAA, p. 25

[10] Geary, A History of Ballyduff GAA, pp. 30, 31

[11] Geary, A History of Ballyduff GAA, p. 32

[12] Francis Guy Postal Directory of Munster, 1893, Ballyduff

[13] Geary, A History of Ballyduff GAA, p. 37

[14] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai000496917/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[15] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001226175/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[16] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Waterford/Castlerichard/Ballyduff_Lower/1756962/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[17] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003557720/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[18] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001225807/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[19] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001225800/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[20] Geary, A History of Ballyduff GAA, p. 26

[21] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003487530/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[22] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003487552/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[23] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001234006/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[24] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003487013/ accessed on 8 June 2016

[25] McCarthy, P., The Irish Revolution, 1912-23: Waterford (Dublin, 2015), p. 81

[26] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001437855/ accessed on 1st August 2017

[27] Desmond, L., With the Constabulary in Waterford (Author, 2000), p. 175

Standard
Waterford history

Devonshire Arms Hotel and Lawlor’s Hotel, Dungarvan

Devonshire Arms Hotel and Lawlor’s Hotel, Dungarvan

Niall C.E.J. O’Brien

 

Today the lower end of Bridge Street in Dungarvan is dominated by the four story high, eleven bay wide, Lawlor’s Hotel. The building has the appearance of being all of one construction phase but the façade shows the marks of older buildings with a rich heritage.

Before Lawlor’s Hotel existed

As many commentators have said before ‘Previous to 1815 this place (Dungarvan) was, perhaps, as uninviting in its aspect as it is now respectable in its general appearance. Its conveniences were few, its trade unimportant and the industrious classes languishing in inactivity.’[1] One of these inconveniences was a descent hotel. To this call for action, the proprietor of much of the town, William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, applied himself with gusto. He commissioned the destruction of numerous cabins of the ordinary people, the construction of new streets and a market square and a bridge to link Dungarvan with Abbeyside. All these improvements had more to do with increasing the Duke’s number of voter and his political power that to see a better town but then politics can throw up unintended results.

The site of Bridge Street before improvements

Before the improvements of the early nineteenth century the area around modern Bridge Street was a jumble of small cabins with dozens of small lanes worming there way in between. The area lay outside the old medieval town of Dungarvan by the banks of the Colligan River. These cabins were part of the Duke of Devonshire’s estate in the Dungarvan area and like in the Duke’s other towns, such as Lismore and Youghal; the Duke’s property was he most ruinous in the Dungarvan area. The cabins were described as in poor condition, built of mud and covered with straw and most of great antiquity.[2]

IMG_0002

Map of Dungarvan, c.1776, by Proundfoot

showing the maze of streets by the River where the cabins were

The three major improvements in the Duke’s property around Dungarvan were the Devonshire Square-Bridge Street development, the Bridge and the forty-shilling freeholders housing at Blackpool and Boreheenatra. Plans for improvements were first discussed in 1794 before nothing could be done until the fate of the third life of the head lease was discovered. In 1806 work on development Devonshire Square could finally begin.[3]

The first houses were built on Bridge Street in 1807 and the development was aided by the premature construction of the bridge shortly after 1808. The bridge was originally due to be built in about 1810 but when news that Lord Waterford had a bridge scheme of his own did the Duke’s agent press forward he project. But work on completing the bridge was slow and not finally finished until 1816.[4]

Close to the Bridge in the northwest corner of Bridge Street a new five bay, three story hotel was built with three private dwelling houses of two bays each adjoining it on the Bridge side. The development of the hotel was helped by the purchase by the Duke of Sir Thomas Osbourne estate at the rear of the hotel. This helped provide space for stables and out houses.[5] It is assumed that the hotel was built in 1807 or the two or three years after.

The Devonshire Arms name

The new hotel was named the Devonshire Arms Hotel. Apart from the Devonshire Arms Hotel in Dungarvan, other towns partly or fully owned by the Duke of Devonshire also had hotels of the same name such as Youghal, Tallow, Lismore and Bandon.

1824

In 1824 Margaret McGrath operated the Devonshire Arms Hotel on Bridge Street in Dungarvan.[6] Margaret McGrath also operated a timber merchant business on the same street.[7] Also on Bridge Street in 1824 was Rudolphus Greene (attorney), and Arthur Quinn (physician).[8]

The Royal Mail coach stopped outside the Devonshire Arms Hotel at quarter to one each day on its way to Cork from Waterford travelling via Cappoquin, Lismore, Tallow, Youghal, Castlemartyr and Midleton. The returning coach from Cork stopped at the hotel at ten passed one before calling at Kilmacthomas on its way to Waterford.[9]

Devonshire Arms

The Devonshire Arms was the first five bays on the left and three stories high

1834

Like any hotel, the Devonshire Arms has hosted other events than just welcoming guests. It was the scene of meetings, weddings, funerals, social gatherings and dances. A hotel was also a good place to hold an auction such as on 27th January 1834 when the executors of the late William Barron, Esq. auctioned the lands of Knockinpower.[10]

The Devonshire Arms balcony

The original Devonshire Arms Hotel had a cast iron balcony over the door, the length of three bays, with the Devonshire coat of arms. Many notable politicians gave speeches from the balcony including Daniel O’Connell (in 1834), Eamon De Valera, Frank Hugh O’Donnell, (last M.P. for Dungarvan) and Henry Matthews, M.P. When Lawlors Hotel purchased the Devonshire Arms the balcony was moved to hang over the main entrance door of Lawlors Hotel where it is today.[11]

Another notable speaker from the balcony was Michael Collins but more by accident than design. On 26th March 1922 Michael Collins as head of the Provisional Government arrived in Dungarvan. At first he began his speech on top of a lorry in the Square. But during the speech some anti-Government individual, Skins Whelan, took the driver’s seat and drove the lorry down Bridge Street, over the Bridge and onto the Causeway. At that point Collins stuck a revolver in the window and forced the lorry to stop. On returning to Dungarvan Michael Collins completed his speech from the balcony of the Devonshire Arms as nobody could run away with a balcony.[12]

The Devonshire Arms Hotel was often the scene of election rallies with speeches from the balcony and meetings inside. Sometimes these gatherings generated controversy such as in 1867 when a committee of the House of Commons was called in to investigate.[13]

1850

In about 1850 Mrs. Mary McGrath operated the Devonshire Arms Hotel and rented from the Duke of Devonshire. According to Griffith’s Valuation the building was worth £45 with one root and twenty-three perches of land.

1863

George Bradshaw’s Railway guide to Ireland (1863, reprint 2015) reports two hotels in Dungarvan; the Eagle managed by Mary Power and the Devonshire Arms Hotel, managed by Mrs. McGrath. According to recent sources Richard McGrath was proprietor of the Devonshire Arms previous to 1861 when the Hotel was acquired by James Lynch but this conflicts when Bradshaw’s claim.[14]

1867

Certainly by 1867 James Lynch is named as operator of the Devonshire Arms Hotel. Most of the hotel customers came to Dungarvan along the coach routes. At that time Dungarvan was served by a coach to Clonmel at 5.30pm (fare 3s 6d), returning at 7am; a coach to Lismore via Cappoquin at 6.35pm (fare 2s 6d); a coach to Waterford at 8am and 3pm (fare 3s 6d); to Youghal at 8am in time for 11am train to Cork with the return via the 4.30pm train from Cork.[15] The hotel customers included commercial travellers, people attending the monthly fairs on the second Wednesday and sun bathers. In the summer months around 1870 Dungarvan attracted a sizeable number of sunbathers.[16] Some of these visitors stayed at the Devonshire Arms Hotel while others stayed at the other three hotels in the town operated by J. Buckley (Imperial Square), Margaret O’Callaghan and T. &. A. O’Neill (Hibernian Hotel, Blackpool).[17]

In 1867-1870 various reports describe Dungarvan as lately improved by the Duke of Devonshire and having a very neat and clean appearance even if most of the streets were narrow. The majority of the population of Dungarvan (c.8614 in total) was employed in the fisheries trade around hake, cod and herring. The principal exports from the port were grain, cattle, butter and fish.[18]

Visitors to the Devonshire Arms Hotel

Among the visitors to stay at the Devonshire Arms Hotel over the years included William Thackeray, Canon Patrick Power and Cathal Brugha.[19] Day visitor also stayed at the Hotel as in 1895 when members of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland had lunch there before travelling around to see the ancient sites.

lawlor-s-hotel-dungarvan oringal front

The three private houses beside the Devonshire Arms Hotel

occupied 2 bays each and were three stories high –

the mouldings dividing the buildings can be see on the front facade

1881

By 1881 the fishing trade had declined in Dungarvan and much of the town was dependent on the agricultural trade. The recent arrival of the railway was expected to stimulate trade but by 1881 the expectation was still unrealised. Yet by 1884 the Waterford Mail could report that the railway had caused an expansion of the fishing trade. The butter trade also benefited from the railway.[20] In 1881 there were two monthly fairs in the town to attract customers to the Devonshire Arms Hotel. Pigs were sold on the third Tuesday of every month and cattle on the third Wednesday.[21]

In 1881 James Lynch was still operating the Devonshire Arms Hotel on Bridge Street. He also operated a car company. James Lynch needed a car company in order to convey his customers to and from the hotel. The stage coaches didn’t stop outside the Devonshire Arms as in previous times. Instead the Royal Mail coach servicing Clonmel stopped at the Post office in the Square while travellers to Cork and Waterford had to go over behind the present-day Park Hotel to attend the railway station.

Other businesses on Bridge Street in 1881 included two banks (Munster Bank and the Provincial Bank of Ireland), J.W. Denroche operated as agent for the Alliance Insurance Company (he was manager of the Provincial Bank in 1893) and Benjamin S. Harris, also on Bridge Street, was agent for the Life Association of Scotland. Also on the Street was Thomas Slattery (solicitor), Michael Kennedy (agent for Lane & Co. brewers of Cork) and Robert Longan (Commissioner of Affidavits and clerk of petty sessions).[22]

In 1881 there were two other hotels in Dungarvan, the Commercial Hotel in Devonshire Square (Mary Flynn) and the Hibernian Hotel in Blackpool (Thomas O’Neill).[23]

1893

In 1893 Maurice F. Lynch operated the Devonshire Arms Hotel with competition from the Commercial Hotel (Captain Richard Curran) and the Hibernian Hotel (Mrs. Mary O’Neill).[24]

Other businesses on Bridge Street in 1893 beside the two banks (Munster & Leinster and the Provincial Bank) and the Devonshire Arms included James Holland (physician and county magistrate), Danial O’Connell (solicitor) and Edward Williams (solicitor). In O’Connell Street there was a grocer/baker called William Lawlor – not sure if he was any relation to the later hotel owners.[25]

The big change

For near ninety years the Devonshire Arms Hotel enjoyed the sole rule of the roast on Bridge Street. The stage coaches dropped customers at the front door and the balcony overhead drew a crowd when the great and the good wished to speak. Then William Lawlor came from County Kilkenny. In 1894 William Lawlor was named as proprietor of the Devonshire Arms Hotel but not for long.[26] Some disagreement occurred and William Lawlor lost his job but he was not for surrendering without a fight.

Sometime between 1894 and 1901 William Lawlor took a lease on one of the three private dwelling houses adjoining the Devonshire Arms and opened his own hotel, Lawlor’s Hotel. Shortly after, he acquired a lease on a second house from Margaret Coady. The third house, nearest the bridge, remained a private dwelling house until the third quarter of the twentieth century. In 1901 it was occupied by Susan Quinlan.[27]

lawlor-s-hotel-dungarvan oringal front

Lawlor’s Hotel in 1900 occupied first 4 bays with private house at the 2 bays on right

1901 census at the Devonshire Arms Hotel

In the 1901 census (taken on 1st April – the other houses on the street were done on 8th April) Maurice F. Lynch was named owner/operator of the Devonshire Arms Hotel. The Hotel was number five on Thomas F. Meagher Street (the new name for Bridge Street). In the building returns the Hotel had twelve windows in the front façade and there were nineteen rooms with ten outbuildings in the back.[28]

In 1901 Mary Anne Kelly, aged 24 years, unmarried and from County Leitrim, was the manager of the Devonshire Arms Hotel. She was assisted on census night by five members of staff who had little service jobs to do as there were no guests. The five staff were all born in County Waterford and unmarried. They were; Patrick Dunne (aged 18 years), William Dunne (aged 26), Bridget McGrath (aged 21), Declan Brien (aged 18) and Bridget Power (aged 21).[29]

Maurice F. Lynch was not in the hotel on census night but was living at 99 North Main Street in Youghal as a veterinary surgeon and hotel proprietor. He was 31 years old and living with his wife Belia Lynch (24 years) and their servant Ellen Crotty.[30]

1901 census at Lawlor’s Hotel

In 1901 Lawlor’s Hotel occupied two former private dwelling houses on Bridge Street, adjoining the Devonshire Arms Hotel. The corner mouldings of the buildings are still visible on the façade of Lawlor’s Hotel today. The 1901 Lawlor’s Hotel had eleven windows on the front façade and twenty-one rooms within and had six outbuildings.[31]

William Lawlor was born in County Kilkenny in about 1858 even if he initially considered writing Dungarvan as his birth place. Possibly he always had an eye on the Waterford coastal town from the days of his youth. By the ages of his children William Lawlor was living in County Waterford since about 1891. In 1901 William Lawlor described himself as a merchant and was married (c.1890) to Mary Rose Lawlor (aged 33 years and born in County Waterford). The couple had one son and two daughters. They were James Lawlor (aged 10 and born in County Waterford), May F. Lawlor (aged 9 and born in County Waterford) and Angela Lawlor (aged 4 and born in County Waterford). But William Lawlor saw the world far beyond County Waterford and employed Augustina Banquier, born in France, as governess to the children. There was only one visitor registered in Lawlor’s Hotel on census night, 1st April 1901, a Catholic priest named Patrick Power.[32]

This was no ordinary Catholic priest. He had first served as a priest in Liverpool and Australia before returning to Waterford for three years at the Cathedral until he got the curates job in Portlaw. In 1900 Rev. Patrick Power wrote his first book, A Manual of Religious Instruction, but he had previously written a few articles on history. In a short time he would go on to write many more historical articles and in 1907 published his most celebrated work, Place-Names of the Decies. Rev. Patrick Power went on to become Professor of Archaeology at U.C.C. Today he is best known to as Canon Patrick Power, one of the top five historians of County Waterford.[33]

Canon Patrick Power

Canon Patrick Power

1911 census at the Devonshire Arms Hotel

By 1911 the Lynch family had sold their interests in the Devonshire Arms Hotel to William Dunne, one of the workers at the Hotel in 1901 and he was listed as owner/operator in 1911. The Hotel also had structural changes over the previous decade with two additional windows to the front façade to make the fourteen windows that can be seen today. The number of outbuildings was reduced from ten to nine while the number of rooms increased dramatically from nineteen to thirty-seven.[34] The outbuildings consisted of six stables, one coach house, one harness house and one fowl house.[35]

In the hotel on census night were eleven people. They were; William Dunne (proprietor), Annie Dunne (aged 28 and sister of William), James Dunne (aged 39, brother), Patrick Dunne (aged 27, brother), Charles Lynch (aged 18, born Co. Longford and car driver), Patrick Burke (aged 38, born Co. Waterford, car driver), Martin Whelan (age 18, born Co. Waterford and billiard marker), John Whelan (aged 19, born Co. Waterford, porter), Mary Murphy (aged 48, born Co. Dublin, cook), Bridget O’Brien (aged 20, born Co. Waterford, waitress), Nora Riordan (aged 20, born Co. Kerry, bar maid), [36]

1911 census at Lawlor’s Hotel

In 1911 William Lawlor still rented the premises of Lawlor’s Hotel from Margaret Cody. In the previous ten years William Lawlor decreased his number of rooms by one to eighteen and increased the number of outbuildings from six to thirteen.[37] These outbuildings consisted of seven stables, four coach houses, one harness house and one fowl house.[38]

In Lawlor’s Hotel on census night were seven people, namely; William Lawlor, his wife Mary and daughter May along with four visitors; John B. McHugh (priest from Fermanagh), Thomas Maquer (priest from Cork), Donnchadh Turner and Mary Power from County Waterford.[39]

The third house in 1911

The single dwelling house at the Bridge end of the Lawlor’s Hotel was in 1911 occupied by Patrick Dunne (aged 36, single, merchant) and two female servants.[40] The house was rented from Mrs. D. Ryan.[41]

During the Civil War

At the start of the Civil War in 1922 most of County Waterford was under the control of the Anti-Treaty forces. By early August 1922 the Free State forces had gained control on the River Suir between Waterford and Clonmel. This action placed Dungarvan on the front line. But the Free State forces didn’t make a frontal attack just yet. Instead they effective landings at Youghal and Cork Harbour which isolated the Dungarvan garrison. The Anti-Treaty forces evacuated the town, burning the chief buildings as they went. On 16th August 1922 the Free State forces moved into Dungarvan and the commander, Commandant Paddy Paul, established his headquarters in the Devonshire Arms Hotel. During their occupation, the Anti-Treaty forces stayed in hotels, like the Devonshire Arms and in private houses. They issued promises to their hosts that they would pay the fare when the Republic of Ireland was established. It is not known if they ever paid up.[42]

1929

In the 1929 Munster trade directory it was said that there were three hotels in Dungarvan. The Devonshire Arms on Bridge Street with Lawlor’s Hotel next door and the Hibernian Hotel at 70 O’Connell Street.[43]

1937

By 1937 the number of hotels in the Dungarvan area had increased although a writer in the 1940s described the Devonshire Arms Hotel as the only hotel in Dungarvan. The writer also described the service in the dinning room as ‘slow’. Back in 1937 the Devonshire Arms Hotel was still on Bridge Street with Lawlor’s Hotel next door and the young kid next door had a telephone (Dungarvan no. 22). Curran’s Commercial Hotel was now also on Bridge Street. The old Hibernian Hotel at 70 O’Connell Street was now Egan’s Hotel. On Main Street there was Phelan’s Hotel with the Strand Hotel over in Abbeyside and the Ocean View Hotel at Clonea Strand endeavouring to capture the summer tourist.[44]

1955

A photograph of the Bridge Street area in 1955 shows the Devonshire Arms Hotel with its balcony and fourteen windows in the front façade. The ground floor is of cut stone while the first and second floors were covered in plaster. Next door Lawlor’s Hotel was painted white all over and had eleven windows in the front façade. The private dwelling house towards the bridge had five windows on the front and a grey colour.[45] The whole terrace was thus three floors high.

Devonshire_Arms_Hotel__Dungarvan

L-R = Devonshire Arms (5 bays), Lawlor’s (4 bays) and private house (2 bays): Waterford Co. Museum photo

The Kelly family

For many years in the mid twentieth century the Kelly family were owners and managers of the Devonshire Arms Hotel. Michael Kelly was the chief proprietor with his brother Nicholas Kelly as part owner. Nicholas Kelly was a politician on the Dungarvan Urban Council for many years and had another brother, Joe, who operated a grocery shop in Mitchell Street.[46] Following the unexpected death of Michael Kelly in February 1972 the family decided to sell the hotel.

1972

The Dungarvan Leader of 12th December 1972 announced that the Devonshire Arms Hotel was sold by the Kelly family to Terry Creagh-Percy by private treaty. Terry Creagh-Percy had operated a hotel near Heathrow Airport for about eight years and had connections to Lismore.[47] In December 1972 Terry and Pauline Creagh-Percy announced the temporary closure of the Devonshire Arms Hotel as they were renovating the dining room and accommodation area. For thirsty workmen and visitors the bar would remain open for the Christmas season. In the same edition of the Dungarvan Leader the Presentation Convent past pupils advertised their annual dinner and social to be held in Lawlor’s Hotel on 6th January 1973.[48]

1980s

The early 1980s saw a number of hotels operating in and around the Dungarvan area. The Devonshire Arms Hotel and Lawlor’s Hotel now had competition for the summer tourist in the form of Clonea Strand Hotel. To the west of the town, Whitechurch House Hotel had opened its doors and would go on in later years to build the Park Hotel on the Dungarvan By-pass.

The expanded Lawlor’s Hotel and the Burke family

Since the 1980s the landscape has changed very much in the terrace containing the Devonshire Arms Hotel and Lawlor’s Hotel and the remaining private dwelling. In February 1984 the Devonshire Arms Hotel (a disco on Friday and Saturday) and Lawlor’s Hotel (Jimmy Crowley on Wednesday) shared the same advert space to inform the public of their entertainments.[49] They had separate adverts in later editions.

Over time Lawlor’s Hotel purchased the dwelling house, which today (2016) provides a side door into the bar of Lawlor’s Hotel. But the biggest changed was the acquisition of the Devonshire Arms Hotel by Lawlor’s Hotel in March 1984. The main door of the former Devonshire Arms is still in place but is rarely used and the balcony overhead was removed and placed over the front door of Lawlor’s Hotel. William Lawlor who started Lawlor’s Hotel after being removed as manager of the Devonshire Arms Hotel back in the 1890s would be smiling in his grave. In 1984 Michael and Mary Burke of the new Lawlor’s Hotel advertised Zetas night club in a section of the old Devonshire Arms.[50]

In the last few decades the Burke family owned the expanded Lawlor’s Hotel and still do as of 2016. As part of their contribution to the façade of the terrace a fourth floor was built along the full length of the terrace. With this construction this article concludes the tradition of hospitality begun on the then new Bridge Street, sometimes called Thomas F. Meagher Street, with the Devonshire Arms Hotel in the early nineteenth century, and continued today, over two hundred years later, with Lawlor’s Hotel.

lawlors_hotel_exterior_dungarvan_ireland

The 2016 view of Lawlor’s Hotel

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[1] Patrick C. Power, A History of Dungarvan: Town and District (De Paor, Dungarvan, 2000), p. 134

[2] Lindsay J. Proudfoot, Urban Patronage and Social Authority: The Management of the Duke of Devonshire’s Towns in Ireland, 1764-1891 (Catholic University Press, Washington, 1995), p. 78

[3] Lindsay J. Proudfoot, Urban Patronage and Social Authority, pp. 188, 189, 190

[4] Lindsay J. Proudfoot, Urban Patronage and Social Authority, pp. 191, 193, 194

[5] Lindsay J. Proudfoot, Urban Patronage and Social Authority, p. 197

[6] http://www.failteromhat.com/pigot/0041.pdf accessed on 30 July 2016

[7] http://www.failteromhat.com/pigot/0042.pdf accessed on 30 July 2016

[8] http://www.failteromhat.com/pigot/0041.pdf accessed on 30 July 2016

[9] http://www.failteromhat.com/pigot/0042.pdf accessed on 30 July 2016

[10] Waterford Mail, 22nd January 1834

[11] William Fraher & William Whelan, Dungarvan: Historic Guide and Town Trail (Waterford County Museum, 2012), p. 28

[12] Sean & Sile Murphy, The Comeraghs “Gunfire & Civil War”: The Story of the Deise Brigade IRA 1914-24 (Comeragh Publications, Kilmacthomas, 2003), p. 130

[13] http://www.dippam.ac.uk/eppi/documents/15202/page/182897 accessed on 5 August 2016

[14] http://www.europese-bibliotheek.nl/en/Books/Dungarvan_in_old_picture_postcards/100-134450/Article/5

[15] Henry & Coghlan, General Directory of Cork and Munster, 1867, pp. 424, 425

[16] The National Encyclopaedia (13 vols. Wm. Mackenzie, London, 1870), Vol. XIII, p. 747

[17] Henry & Coghlan, General Directory of Cork and Munster, 1867, p. 424

[18] The National Encyclopaedia (13 vols. Wm. Mackenzie, London, 1870), Vol. XIII, p. 747

[19] William Fraher & William Whelan, Dungarvan: Historic Guide and Town Trail (Waterford County Museum, 2012), p. 28; Patrick C. Power, A History of Dungarvan: Town and District (De Paor, Dungarvan, 2000), p. 222

[20] Patrick C. Power, A History of Dungarvan: Town and District (De Paor, Dungarvan, 2000), p. 183

[21] Slater’s Directory, 1881, p. 120

[22] Slater’s Directory, 1881, pp. 121, 122

[23] Slater’s Directory, 1881, pp. 122, 123

[24] Guy’s Directory of the Province of Munster, 1893, Waterford section, p. 19

[25] Guy’s Directory of the Province of Munster, 1893, Waterford section, pp. 24, 25

[26] http://www.lennonwylie.co.uk/1894WaterfordCountyDirectory.htm accessed on 5 August 2016

[27] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001245795/ accessed on 3 August 2016

[28] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001245795/ accessed on 3 August 2016

[29] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001245800/ accessed on 3 August 2016

[30] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Cork/Youghal_Urban/North_Main_Street/1161315/

[31] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001245795/ accessed on 3 August 2016

[32] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai001245801/ accessed on 3 August 2016

[33] http://waterfordireland.tripod.com/rev__patrick_power_-_historian.htm accessed on 4 August 2016

[34] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003476884/ accessed on 4 August 2016

[35] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003476886/ accessed on 4 August 2016

[36] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003476900/ accessed on 4 August 2016

[37] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003476884/ accessed on 4 August 2016

[38] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003476886/ accessed on 4 August 2016

[39] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003476898/ accessed on 4 August 2016

[40] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003476896/ accessed on 4 August 2016

[41] http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/reels/nai003476884/ accessed on 4 August 2016

[42] Patrick C. Power, A History of Dungarvan: Town and District (De Paor, Dungarvan, 2000), p. 228, 230

[43] Patrick C. Power, A History of Dungarvan: Town and District (De Paor, Dungarvan, 2000), p. 240

[44] Cork & Munster Trade Directory, 1937; Sylvia Couturie, No Tears in Ireland: a memoir (The Free Press, New York, 2001), pp. 109, 111

[45] http://www.waterfordmuseum.ie/exhibit/web/DisplayPrintableImage/K0kEboGQcs6zQ accessed on 4 August 2016

[46] http://www.munster-express.ie/community-notes/dungarvan/dungarvan-18/ accessed on 4 August 2016

[47] Dungarvan leader, 12th December 1972

[48] Dungarvan Leader, 23rd December 1972

[49] Dungarvan Leader, 3rd February 1984

[50] Dungarvan Leader, 21st December 1984

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