Waterford history

Kilwatermoy people and townlands in the Subsidy Roll, 1662

Niall C.E.J. O’Brien

During the 1660s a series of subsidies were granted by the Irish Parliament, each of £15,000, to help the financial position of Charles II. The majority of the money raised went towards the maintenance cost of the army in Ireland.[1] People were assessed for the tax on the value of owned goods (bonis) worth over £3 at a rate of 2 shillings 8 pence and on land (terris) valued over £1 at a rate of 4 shillings.[2]

In 1922 there were a number of subsidy roll returns for County Waterford in existence. These covered the years 1662, 1664, 1666, 1667, 1668 and 1669. The 1922 fire at the Public Record Office destroyed these rolls. A few years before, in 1912, a copy of the 1662 subsidy roll was made by Gertrude Thrift for Seamus ua Casaide. It later found its way into the archives of the late Canon Patrick Power at the Muniment Room of Waterford City Hall.[3]

In 1982 Julian Walton had the returns of the 1662 subsidy roll for County Waterford published in Analecta Hibernica.[4] The 1662 subsidy roll for County Waterford was compiled to varying standards across the county. The commissioners for the barony of Decies [R. and H. Osborne] returned more names than the rest of the county and city combined. They also returned each tax payer according to townland and parish and giving their occupation. The commissioners for Coshmore and Coshbride gave neither townland names nor occupation of tax payers. The commissioners didn’t even sign their names to the return.[5]

This article will attempt to group the taxpayers in the parish of Kilwatermoy in the barony of Coshmore and Coshbride according to the townlands of the parish. The task is not straight forward and is liable for error. The job is made somewhat easier because the commissioners seem to have started each new townland with the highest valued taxpayer and went down the grade after the first. Thus we get Captain Joshua Boyle £6, Richard Currane £3, David Crotty £4, John Holland £3, Samuel Cloud £4 and John Glavin £3, etc.[6]

Therefore a new townland seems to start with each highest valued taxpayer. Yet we cannot be certain of this as the lists of taxpayers in the other Waterford baronies are written in no clear pattern.

If we take it that the highest taxpayer does start a new townland that gives us fourteen, possibly fifteen townlands within the parish of Kilwatermoy.[7] If we compare this calculation with other contemporary documents we get similarity and difference. The Civil Survey of County Waterford, complied in 1654-1656, gave fourteen townlands in the parish of Kilwatermoy.[8]

The document known as “A census of Ireland circa 1659” gave seventeen townlands given within the parish of Kilwatermoy.[9] Most of these townlands can be compared to the townlands given in the Civil Survey but new names also appear. The townlands of Bottadortt and Knockinsrath are not in the Civil Survey but appear in the 1659 Census. The townlands of Kilwatermoy parish are listed in appendix one with an estimate of where the modern townlands fit into the earlier townlands.

The later document, “the census of 1659” was actually a poll tax roll of 1660. Its purpose of making lists of taxpayers and grouping them within townlands and parishes suggest that we should be looking for seventeen townlands in the 1662 subsidy roll as it is the latest of the three documents.

Only a few townlands are suggested below as the sources for accrediting people to certain townlands are not available in sufficient number. This therefore is a work in progress with the hope of additional information coming to hand at some future date.

The return for the barony of Coshmore and Coshbride was made on 15th December 1662.[10]

DSC04971

Medieval church of Kilwatermoy

Method of editing

In the list of taxpayers printed below the suggested townlands are printed in underlined italics. The source for each suggested townland is footnoted beside the highest taxpayer.

The money values are: S = shilling and D = pence.

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Table one

Kilwatermoy parish Summa Registri Summa Solubilis
[Valuation] [Tax payable]
 £ £-S-D
Tircullenbeg townland    
Captain Joshua Boyle[11] £6 £0-16-0
Richard Currane £3 £0-8-0
 Unknown townland    
David Crotty £4 £0-10-8
John Holland £3 £0-8-0
 Unknown townland    
Samuell Cloud £4 £0-10-8
John Glavin £3 £0-8-0
 Unknown townland    
Thomas Parker £9 £1-4-0
Henry Spring £3 £0-8-0
 Ballymoat    
Captain John Smith[12] £16 £1-16-4
David Colman £3 £0-8-0
John O Geyry £3 £0-8-0
John Godson £3 £0-8-0
 Kilwatermoy    
Thomas Godson[13] £4 £0-10-8
 Unknown townland    
Teige O Morrisy £6 £0-16-0
Edward O Morohow £6 £0-16-0
 Dunmoon    
Katherine Carter, widow[14] £10 £1-4-0
Thomas Colman £6 £0-16-0
Thomas McDaniell £3 £0-8-0
 Unknown townland    
Owyn O Geiry £5 £0-13-4
Edmond McDaniel £4 £0-10-8
John McShane Oge £4 £0-10-8
 Unknown townland    
Daniell McShane Oge £6 £0-16-0
James McMorris £4 £0-10-8
Derby Bohane £4 £0-10-8
 Unknown townland    
Thomas Hogins £6 £0-16-0
Teige O Bryan £3 £0-8-0
 Unknown townland    
Thomas O Morohow £4 £0-10-8
William McShane £3 £0-8-0
 Unknown townland    
William Prior £6 £0-16-0
Daniell Bane £4 £0-10-8
Henry Power £4 £0-10-8
Morrish McShane £4 £0-10-8
 Unknown townland    
John Jackson £6 £0-16-0
Teige Colman £3 £0-8-0
William Breen £3 £0-8-0
John Barry £3 £0-8-0
John McDermod Keeffe £3 £0-8-0
Total tax £22-15-0

 

====================

Appendix one

Kilwatermoy townlands    
Civil Survey (1655) Census c.1659 modern townlands
Kilwatermoy Kilwatermoy Kilwatermoy
Lyrenacarriga
Close
Church Quarter
Ballyhamlet Ballyhamlet Ballyhamlet
Tircullenmore Tircullenmore Tircullen Upper
Ballyclement Ballyclement Ballyclement
Tircullenbeg Tircullenbeg Tircullen Lower
Janeville
Bottadortt Paddock
Ballynamodagh Ballymoddagh Snugborough
Ballymuddy
Canemucky Canemucky Headborough
Ballyneety Ballyneetymore Ballyneety
Ballyneetybeg
Dunmoon Dunmoon Dunmoon
Dunmoon North
Dunmoon South
Ballymoat Ballymoat Ballymoat Upper
Ballymoat Lower
Ballyshonicke Ballymcshonocke Moorehill
Sapperton North
Sapperton South
Glennawillin
Knockinsrath Knockraha
Kilfountain Kilfountain Kilanthony
Fountain
Glangenouane Glenigennitaine Corrannskeha
Corrannskeha North
Corrannskeha South
Ballyfinsoge Ballyfinshoge Ballynafineshoge
Knockaun North
Knockaun South

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End of interim post

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[1] Julian Walton, ‘The Subsidy Roll of County Waterford, 1662’, in Analecta Hibernica, No. 30 (1982), p. 53

[2] Julian Walton, ‘The Subsidy Roll of County Waterford, 1662’, in Analecta Hibernica, No. 30 (1982), pp. 50, 53

[3] Julian Walton, ‘The Subsidy Roll of County Waterford, 1662’, in Analecta Hibernica, No. 30 (1982), pp. 52, 56, 57

[4] Julian Walton, ‘The Subsidy Roll of County Waterford, 1662’, in Analecta Hibernica, No. 30 (1982), pp. 49-96

[5] Julian Walton, ‘The Subsidy Roll of County Waterford, 1662’, in Analecta Hibernica, No. 30 (1982), p. 53

[6] Julian Walton, ‘The Subsidy Roll of County Waterford, 1662’, in Analecta Hibernica, No. 30 (1982), p. 58

[7] Julian Walton, ‘The Subsidy Roll of County Waterford, 1662’, in Analecta Hibernica, No. 30 (1982), pp. 58-9

[8] Robert C. Simington (ed.), The Civil Survey A.D. 1654-1656 County of Waterford (Stationery Office, Dublin, 1942), pp. 17-19

[9] Seamus Pender (ed.), A census of Ireland circa 1659 (Irish Manuscripts Commission, Dublin, 2002), p. 338

[10] Julian Walton, ‘The Subsidy Roll of County Waterford, 1662’, in Analecta Hibernica, No. 30 (1982), p. 53

[11] Seamus Pender (ed.), A census of Ireland circa 1659 (Irish Manuscripts Commission, Dublin, 2002), p. 338

[12] Robert C. Simington (ed.), The Civil Survey A.D. 1654-1656 County of Waterford, p. 19

[13] Robert C. Simington (ed.), The Civil Survey A.D. 1654-1656 County of Waterford, p. 17

[14] Seamus Pender (ed.), A census of Ireland circa 1659 (Irish Manuscripts Commission, Dublin, 2002), p. 338; Robert C. Simington (ed.), The Civil Survey A.D. 1654-1656 County of Waterford, p. 18

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Kilwatermoy people and townlands in the Subsidy Roll, 1662

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